Unit2-B

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Reading Skills
Text Study
Notes to the Text
Words and Expressions
Idea Sharing
2
2
Finding Out Word Meanings
2
Reading Skills
2
In Unit 1 of Book 1, we’ve learnt some
ways to find out word meanings.
1. By definition (定义)
2. By examples
3. By synonyms (同义词)
4. By antonyms (反义词)
5. By word stem (词干)
6. By affixes (词缀)
2
2
Reading Skills
Practices
1. The Olympics remain the most pure example
of competition for the sake of competition itself.
Athletes sacrifice their careers and bodies
risking injury, defeat and complete failure to
compete for nothing more than honor for their
country and themselves.
A. Administrators
B. People earning money
C. Businessmen
D. Sportsmen
Reading Skills
2
2
2.
Lewis won nine gold medals in four
different events and held world records
in the 100-meter dash and the long
jump.
A. a short race
B. a distance
C. a long call
D. a length
2
Reading Skills
2
3. His years of practice and quiet selfconfidence set the stage for a
phenomenal Olympic track and field
career.
A. unusual
B. interesting
C. devoted
D. temporary
2
2
Reading Skills
4. Johnson was stripped of his gold medal
and sent packing by the International
Olympic Committee when his post-race
drug test indicated steroid use.
A. before the race
B. during the race
C. after the race
D. in the race
Reading Skills
2
2
5.
Lewis firmly denied the charges and
countered by proving before a judge
that the magazine that had published
the stories did so without foundation to
their claims.
A. agreed with
B. refused to accept
C. condemned
D. differed from
2
2
Structure Analysis
Live Sports Report
2
Text Study
2
I. Structure Analysis
Para. 1
The Standard for
Olympic Excellence
Para. 2-4
Para. 5-6
2
2
Text Study
Part I (Para.1)
The significance and problem of Olympics
Significance:
competition for the sake
of competition itself
Goal for athletes:
nothing more than honor
Problem:
Performance-enhancing
drugs are exploited …
2
Text Study
2
Part II (Para.2-5)
Carl Lewis— Example of Olympic Spirit
1. General Introduction of Carl Lewis (Para. 1)
9 in 4 different events
WR
100-meter dash and long jump
1984~1996
Reasons for his achievement:
speed, consistency, integrity and above
all desire; unmatched discipline and
commitment to training
2
Text Study
2
2. Lewis’ Love for Track Event in His
Childhood (Para.3)
Parents’ hope for Lewis:
music
Lewis’ pursuit: set his mind on track
2
Text Study
2
3. Lewis’ competition with Ben Johnson (Para.4)
100m dash
1985
1988
In the race
Carl Lewis
Ben Johnson
winner
9.92’’
9.79 ’’
“the fastest
human being
ever”
After the race a real victory; but stripped of his
charged with …;
gold medal;
proved to be clean steroid use
2
Text Study
2
Part III (Para.5-6)
Carl Lewis’ Contribution to the Olympics
further commitment …and his love …
lift … the suspicion … and stop the erosion …
hard work and honest participation
proved … that the Olympics spirit was not dead
love for the games
set a new standard for Olympic excellence
2
Text Study
2
II. Live Sports Report
Work in group and have a live sports
report on the following famous events.
Event 1: The 100-meter Man’s Dash in
1998 Olympic Games
Event 2: The steroid use of the fastest
human
2
2
Text Study
Tips:
Beginning: Welcome to … (name of the
program). I’m … (name of the anchor).
Today, we’ll … (general introduction of the
event). Now, the competition has begun.
Main part: … (vivid description of the event
on the spot)
Ending: Thank you for your watching …(name
of the program). This is … (name of the anchor)
from …(place of the live report).
2
2
Active Expressions
Focus Study
2
2
Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
I. Active Expressions
Pick up the active expressions in the following:
1. Th e Olympics remain the mo st pu re
example …
2. … to compete for nothing more than honor
for their country and themselves.
3. He demanded nothing less than the best
from himself ...
4. …Lewis was never linked to drug use by
anything but rumor.
2
2
Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
• remain
• to stay or continue in the
same place or condition
• nothing more than • only
• nothing less than
• completely
• anything but
• in no degree
2
2
Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
Translation
1. 他们已经离婚,但仍然是朋友。
2. 只不过下了一场阵雨。
3. 他的粗心大意无异于犯罪。
4. 那决不是真的。
2
Notes to the Text—Active Expressions
2
Key
1. They remain friends though they’re
divorced.
2. It was nothing more than a shower.
3. His carelessness was nothing less
than criminal.
4. That is anything but true.
2
2
Notes to the Text—Focus Study
II. Focus Study
1. He said he wanted to be the best, period.
“period” 放在句尾, 强调说话人对自己所
做陈述的确定性。相当于“没有了,就
这样”。
2
2
Notes to the Text—Focus Study
2. It would take the formula of Lewis’ further
commitment to the sport and his love for
competition to lift some of the suspicion from
track events and stop the erosion of support
that the Olympics began to suffer after Seoul.
“and”前后词性平衡的特点可以帮助我们很
好地断句和划分成分的起点和终点。
Main structure:
It would take … to lift … from and stop …
2
2
Notes to the Text—Focus Study
Analyze the sentence:
But, he would not hear of it, and stuck a strip
of tape on the ground to mark the distance for
the world record and began to jump toward it
with singular determination.
Key
But, he would not hear … and stuck … to
mark … and began …
2
2
Word Using
Chinese to English
2
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
I. Word Using
1. for the sake of
for the purpose of; for the good of
Translation
• Stop smoking for the sake of your health.
• Your sister is trying to read. Please be quiet for
her sake.
Key
• 为了你的健康戒烟吧。
• 你妹妹正在努力看书,为了她好,你就安静点吧。
2
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
2. exploit vt.
to use sth. or treat sb. unfairly or selfishly
Translation
Third World countries are often exploited by
the richer nations.
Key
第三世界的国家常被富裕国家剥削。
2
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
3. determination n.
the strong will to do something
Use it
In your opinion, what kind of person is the
one of determination?
Tips
never give up; with strong will; …
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
2
4. defy vt.
① to make sth. impossible or very difficult
② to tell sb. to do sth. impossible; challenge
e.g.
• It’s such a beautiful place that it defies
description.
• I defy you to prove me wrong.
近形词
deny
2
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
5. pursue vt.
to follow sb./sth. in order to catch him/her/it
Translation
他追求的目标完全不切实际。
Key
The goal that he is pursuing is completely
unrealistic.
相关词性及词组
pursuit; in pursuit of
2
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
6. set one’s mind on
decide; to be determined to do sth.
Use It
Once you set your mind on something, how
will you do to achieve it?
Tips
make efforts; have a good plan; persisting; …
2
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
7. set the stage for
make preparations to make sth. take place
Translation
这个会议将为校运会做好准备。
Key
This meeting will set the stage for the school
sports meeting.
2
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
8. hold one’s breath
to stop breathing for a period of time
Translation
We all held our breath as we waited for
her reply.
Key
我们都屏息静待她的回答。
2
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
9. strip sb. of sth.
take property, rights, or titles away from sb.
e.g.
• The President has been stripped of most of
her power.
• They stripped the house of all its furniture.
同义词组
take sth. away from sb.;
deprive sb. of sth.
2
2
Words and Expressions—Word Using
10. blanket n.
affecting everybody or everything
Translation
The government laid a blanket ban on
journalists reporting the case.
Key
政府禁止任何新闻从业人员报道那件事。
2
Words and Expressions—C to E
2
II. Chinese to English
•
•
•
•
兴奋剂
田径(项目)
100米短跑
跳远
• performance-enhancing
drugs
• track and field (events)
• 100-meter dash
• long jump
2
•
•
•
•
2
终点线
世界记录
4×100 米接力赛
赛后药检
Words and Expressions—C to E
•
•
•
•
the finish line
the world record
4×100 meter relay
post-race drug test
2
2
Words and Expressions—C to E
• speed, consistency and
integrity
• unmatched discipline
• long stride
• 速度、稳定与诚实
• 无以伦比的自制力
• 大跨步
2
2
Compete for 2008 Olympic
Torchbearer
2
2
Idea Sharing
Compete for 2008 Olympic Torchbearers
Your city will launch the 2008
Olympic Torchbearer Selection
Program. You are going to take
part in it in which you need to
make a presentation in the first
round.
2
2
Tips
• Principle of the Program
• Selection Criteria
Idea Sharing
2
2
To Horizon
To Task
The End of Section B
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