Will / Shall + 主语+ do?

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Grammar
The Future Passive Voice
一般将来时被动语态
一般将来时主动语态
1.We will plant apple trees tomorrow.
肯定式: will / shall + do
2.We will not plant apple trees tomorrow.
否定式: will / shall + not / never + do
3.Will we plant apple trees tomorrow?
一般疑问式:
Will / Shall + 主语 + do?
4.Where will we plant apple trees tomorrow?
特殊疑问式:
疑问词 + will / shall + 主语 + do?
一般将来时主动语态
肯定式:
will / shall + do
否定式:
will / shall + not / never + do
一般疑问式:
Will / Shall + 主语 + do?
特殊疑问式:
疑问词 + will / shall + 主语 + do?
一般将来时被动语态
1.Apple trees will be planted(by us) tomorrow.
肯定式: will / shall + be + done
2.Apple trees won’t be planted(by us)
否定式:
tomorrow.
will / shall + not / never + be + done
3.Will apple trees be planted(by us)
一般疑问式:
tomorrow?
Will / Shall + 主语 + be + done?
4.Where will apple trees be planted(by us)
tomorrow? 特殊疑问式:
疑问词 + will / shall + 主语 + be + done?
一般将来时被动语态
肯定式:
will / shall + be + done
否定式:
will / shall + not / never + be + done
一般疑问式:
Will / Shall + 主语 + be + done?
特殊疑问式:
疑问词 + will / shall + 主语 + be + done?
shall(will)+be+ done
(1) 主语+谓语+宾语:
主动: We will build a new house next year.
被动: A new house will be built (by us) next year.
(2) 主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语
(习惯上把间接宾语变为被动语态的主语):
主动: My mother will give me a shirt.
被动: I will be given a shirt (by my mother).
如果把直接宾语改为主语时, 则在间接宾语前加to或for
被动: A new shirt will be given to me (by my mother).
(3) 主语+谓语+宾语+宾补。如果是含有复合宾语
的主动句变成被动句时, 将其中的宾语变为主
语, 宾补不变。例如:
主动: We will ask him to help you tomorrow.
被动: He will be asked to help you (by us).
表示将来时的结构:
1.will/shall do
»» will/shall be done
2.be going to do
»» be going to be done
3.be to do
»» be to be done
4.be about to do
»» be about to be done
1. We’ll build a new house next year.
A new house will be built (by us) next year.
2. My mother will give me a present.
I will be given a present (by my mother).
A present will be given to me (by my mother).
3. The mother is going to tell the baby a story
The baby is going to be told a story (by the
mother).
A story is going to be told to the baby (by the
mother).
4. Kelly is about to sing us a song at the party.
We are about to be sung a song (by Kelly) at
the party.
A song is about to be sung for us (by Kelly) at
the party.
5. The police is going to have the thief stay in
prison.
The thief is going to be had to stay in prison
(by the police).
(have sb do sth >> sb be had to do sth)
用所给动词的正确时态和语态填空。
1. It is clear that the 30th Olympic Games
will be held (hold) in 2012.
___________
2. While many people turn to computer
for news and movies, it doesn’t mean that
be replaced (replace) in the
the TV set will
_____________
near future.
will be lost (lose) if
3. Many chances ___________
you don’t work hard.
will be fined(fine) by the police if
4. You __________
you keep driving so fast.
5. The question is going to ____________
be discussed
(discuss) by us.
6. The little girl is so pretty that she
will be admired (admire) by all the people
______________
when she grows up.
7. Don’t worry about that. It will
___________
be finished
(finish) next week.
8. She ___________
will be met (meet) by her friends as
soon as she arrives.
9. I hear that more than one million dollars
___________
will be spent (spend) on the project next
year.
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填
入空白处的最佳选项。
1. The young man says that he will leave
C
the company if he ____
for this.
A.will be punished B. would be punished
C. is punished D. is going to be punished
B
2. When the repair work ______,
more
visitors will come to this famous temple.
A. is going to finish
B. is finished
C. will be finished
D. finished
在由when,if引导的时间、条件状语从句中
,要用一般现在时的被动语态表示一般将
来时的被动语态。如:
If more time is given to me, the problem will
be worked out.
When the dam(堤坝) is completed, the
Changjiang River will be effectively(有效地
) controlled.
翻译以下句子:
1.没有缺点的朋友是永远找不到的。
2. 这个计划将会在下午的会议上讨论
吗?
3. 这个会议将会在什么时候、哪里举
行呢?
1. A friend without faults will
never be found.
没有缺点的朋友是永远找不到的。
2. Will the plan be discussed at
the meeting this afternoon?
这个计划将会在下午的会议上讨论吗?
3. When and where will the
meeting be held?
这个会议将会在什么时候、哪里举行呢?
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