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康軒國中英語
文法教學 PPT
未來式
一、簡單未來式
• now 之後的時間都為未來式,可用
「will+原形動詞」或「be going to+
原形動詞」表達未來將發生的事件。
Now
將來才會發
生的事

二、用 will 表達未來式
肯定句 / 否定句:
主詞+will (not)+原形動詞...+表未來的時間副詞.
動詞前加will
(1)I will join the party tomorrow.
否定加will not
(2) I will not join the party tomorrow.
will後
接原形
動詞
常見的未來式時間副詞
與 tomorrow 相關的副詞
 明天:
tomorrow
 明天早上:
tomorrow morning
 明天下午:
tomorrow afternoon
 明天傍晚:
tomorrow evening
其他常用副詞
 下星期:
next week
 下星期一:
next Monday
 在未來:
in the future
 一小時內、後:
in an hour
二、用 will 表達問句
把will移
到句首
問句 :
Will+主詞+原形動詞...+表未來的時間副詞?
Will you join the party tomorrow?
Practice 1
Ken
take a bath /
tonight
Will Ken take a bath
tonight ?
Practice 2
the girls
go shopping/
next Sunday
Will
the girls go shopping next Sunday ?
二、回答 will 的問句
要先回答要先回答 Yes / No
答句 :
Yes, 主詞+will....
No, 主詞+won’t....
will not 縮寫
為
won’t
Yes, I will join the party tomorrow.
No, I won’t join the party tomorrow.
二、用 will 表達未來式
2. 人稱代名詞與否定詞 not 和 will 的縮寫:
原形
縮寫
I will
I’ll
you will
you’ll
he will
he’ll
she will
she’ll
二、用 will 表達未來式
2. 人稱代名詞與否定詞 not 和 will 的縮寫
原形
縮寫
we will
we’ll
they will
they’ll
it will
it’ll
will not
won’t
二、用 will 表達未來式
3. 重點整理
(1) will +原形動詞:通常用來表示說話
者「臆測」或「認為」未來「將會」
發生的事。
(2) will 不會隨著主詞改變。
(3) 疑問句把 will 移到主詞前,答句則
用 will 回答。
Practice 1
the students
play dodge ball
Dan: Will the students play dodge ball this
weekend?
Ben: Yes,
they will.
Practice 2
Kiki
do his homework
Ken: Will Kiki do his homework on Sunday morning?
Ben: Yes, he
will . He will do his homework
on Sunday morning.
Practice 3
Jason
brush his teeth
Dan: Will
Ben: Yes,
Jason brush his teeth after drinking milk?
he will
.
Practice 4
Nana
play the cello
Dan: Will Nana play the cello tonight?
Ben: Yes, she will.
Practice 5
the kids
go skiing /
next week
Dan: Will the kids go skiing next week
?
Ben: Yes, they will. They will go skiing next week.
三、也可用 be going to
(= will) 表達未來式
be要根據主角變化為
為is/ am/are
動詞前加
be going to否定
則在be後加後not
肯定句 / 否定句:
主詞+be 動詞 (not)+going to+原形動詞...
+表未來的時間副詞.
(1) Al is going to play baseball tomorrow.
(2) Al isn’t going to play baseball tomorrow.
Practice 1
Mr. Simpson
play soccer /
tomorrow
Mr. Simpson is going to play soccer tomorrow.
Practice 2
the puppies
eat dinner /
in ten minutes
The puppies are going to eat dinner in ten minutes.
Practice 3
Simon and his friends
sleep
Simon and his friends are going to sleep.
三、用 be going to 表達未來式
把be搬
到句首
問句 :
Be 動詞+主詞+going to+原形動詞...
+表未來的時間副詞?
Is Al going to play baseball tomorrow?
Practice 1
the man
eat a lot /
tomorrow
Is
the man going to eat a lot tomorrow?
Practice 2
the babies
swim /
next week
Are
the babies going to swim next week
?
三、用 be going to 表達未來式
Be開頭問 ,用be簡答
答句 :
Yes, 主詞+be 動詞....
No, 主詞+be 動詞+not....
Yes, he is going to play baseball tomorrow.
No, he isn’t going to play baseball tomorrow.
三、用 be going to 表達未來式
2. 重點整理
(1) 常用來表示說話者說話之前,已經
有「計畫」或「準備要做」的事。
(2) be going to 的 be 動詞會隨著主詞改變。
(3) 疑問句把 be 動詞移到主詞前,答句則
用 be 動詞回答。
Practice 1
the boys
play soccer
Ivy: Are the boys going to play
afternoon?
soccer this
Joe: No, they aren’t . They’re going to play soccer
this evening.
Practice 2
grandma
watch
Jim: Is
your grandma going to watch
tomorrow morning?
Dan: Yes, she is . She’s going to watch TV
tomorrow morning.
TV
Practice 3
Susan
Dan: Is Susan going to play volleyball?
Ben: No, she isn’t. She is going to play tennis.
Practice 4
Wan-wan
play video games
Dan: Is Wan-wan going to study English?
Ben: No, she isn’t. She is going to play video games.
Practice 1
the couple
tomorrow night
Dan: What will the couple do tomorrow night ?
Ben: They will go to the concert.
Practice 2
Tom
tonight
Dan: What is Tom going to do tonight
Ben: He is going to walk his dogs .
?
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