Warm Up: What does this comic tell us about early religion? What primary source document that we read is referenced here? Explain Agenda Comic Quiz- Make ups Weekly Plan Intro to Early River Civilizations Geography Stations Reflection Homework-Article Assignment RECIPES Religion Economics Cultural (arts and entertainment) Intellectual Political Environmental Social Structure 4 early River Valley Civilizations • Sumerian Civilization (Iraq) - Tigris & Euphrates Rivers (Mesopotamia) • Egyptian Civilization - Nile River • Harappan Civilization (Pakistan) - Indus River • Ancient China - Huang He (Yellow) River PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S. “The Four Early River Valley Civilizations” • Sumerian Civilization - Tigris & Euphrates Rivers (Mesopotamia) City-States in Mesopotamia PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S. The Ziggurat at Ur was first excavated by British archaeologist Woolley in 1923. The Iraqi Directorate of Antiquities restored its lower stages in the 1980s. “Egypt, the gift of the Nile” -Herodotus, Greek Historian (484-432 BCE) What can we infer from this quote, what did Herodotus mean by it? “The Four Early River Valley Civilizations” • Sumerian Civilization - Tigris & Euphrates Rivers (Mesopotamia) • Egypt (Nile River) • Harappan Civilization - Indus River ENTER The ruins of Mohenjo-Daro; Indus Valley http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/map06ind.htm PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S. “The Four Early River Valley Civilizations” • Mesopotamia [Sumer] (Tigris & Euphrates Rivers) • Egypt (Nile River) • Indus Valley (Indus River) • Ancient China (Huang He River) A Chinese junk on the Huang He today. ENTER An artist visualizes what the ancient Chinese village of Banpo on the Huang He may have looked like over 4,000 years ago. PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S. The Yellow River: Rive of Sorrow How does the Geography affect the development of a civilization? Factors to consider? Trade Resources Protection Conquer Climate Towns & Cities Historians need a huge numbers of reasons to explain why empires fail; geographers need a much shorter list 1.Examine the Map of Each Country 2.Using your knowledge of maps and geography, determine how the geographic features will affect the civilization 3.Write you answers in the Environment Box on your handout 4.Maps can be found on p 35 (mesopotamia), p 53 (Indus Valley), handouts for China & Egypt, marked pages in Atlas for world maps Conclusions • Which River Valley Civilization has the most advantages based on its Geography and why?