Presidential Election of 1824 • In 1824, there was no clear favorite to win the election for President of the US. • There was only one political party, since the Federalists had died out, leaving the Republican Party in total power. • There were four candidates who were very popular in their own area of the country. • These men were called “favorite son” candidates. • The four candidates were: John Quincy Adams • He was the son of John Adams, the only Federalist president. • He was the favorite son of the Northeast. • He favored a high protective tariff. • He was the leading contender. Henry Clay • He was the favorite son of the West. • He was from Kentucky. • He actually shared political views with Adams, but they did not like each other because of their differing personalities. • Adams: the rigid New Englander versus Clay,the hard- drinking Westerner. Andrew Jackson • He was a Senator from Tennessee and military hero. • He was one of the favorite sons of the West, since he drew Western support from Clay. • His political views were not well-known at the time of this election. William Crawford • William H. Crawford of Georgia was born in Virginia and hoped to continue the “Virginia Dynasty”. • He was the favorite son of the South. • He held to the old Republican view of limiting the role of the central government. Corrupt Bargain • The 12th Amendment provided that elections in which no candidate received a majority should be decided by the House of Representatives from among the top three candidates. • Clay was out of contention and Crawford was an unlikely prospect because of a serious illness. • Jackson clearly expected to win, figuring that the House would act to confirm his strong showing. • However, Clay, as Speaker of the House, used his influence to sway the vote to Adams. • Although they were not close, Clay knew that he and Adams shared a common political philosophy. • Clay also was not interested in doing anything to further the career of his main rival in the West. • Adams won the election on the first ballot in the House of Representatives and became the nation’s sixth president. • His subsequent appointment of Henry Clay as Secretary of State led to angry charges of a “corrupt bargain.” • Why did Jackson feel that Clay and Adams had cheated him by making a deal? • By making Clay the Secretary of State, Adams was putting Clay in line to become the next President, since the last four Presidents had earlier been Secretary of State.