Unit 5 Causes of the Revolution Lessons 1-5 Vocabulary 1. a document that people sign that formally asks leaders to do or change something A. loyalist B. propaganda 2. someone who felt the colonies should remain loyal to Britain C. correspond 3. to communicate by writing letters D. petition 4. information written to persuade others to change their way of thinking E. repeal 5. to do away with 6. an organized group that meets to make decisions 7. someone who felt the colonies should separate from Britain F. Patriot G. committee 8. to speak out against something A. Parliament 9. an organized refusal to buy goods or services B. protest 10. a person chosen to represent others C. boycott 11. to come together D. unify 12. Great Britain’s lawmaking assembly E. militia 13. a tax on imported goods F. delegate 14. someone who gives speeches G. tariff 15. civilian army that is only used in emergencies H. orator All of these are reasons the colonists showed their opposition to British taxes and tariffs except for __________. A. B. C. D. the colonists protested paid the taxes fought the British sent petitions to Parliament What happened as a result of the Stamp Act Congress? Colonists could boycott goods B. Colonists could buy stamps C. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act D. Parliament passed the Stamp Act A. Glass, paint, and tea were all taxed as part of the _____________ Townshend Act. What was another name for the Coercive Acts? Townshend Acts B. Stamp Acts C. Intolerable Acts D. Circus Acts A. “I’ll show the British government that we don’t need them! I’m going to ________ boycott !” “I’ll just weave cloth our own ______!” The Committee of Correspondence was formed to ______________ news communicate throughout the __________. colonies The Second Continental Congress formed the Continental Army and sent the __________ to the king. A. B. C. D. Olive Branch Petition Declaration of Independence Mrs. Field’s chocolate chip cookie recipe Stamp Act We must stop trading with Britain until the Coercive Acts have been repealed! We must train the militia! Welcome to the First Continental Congress! We should meet again in a year if relations with Britain are not better! The First Continental Congress met in ____________in 1774 Philidelphia because of its _______ central location. The Declaration of Independence explained why the colonists wanted ___________ freedom and gave them a reason to fight for _____________. independence Which of these was NOT a key idea of the Declaration of Independence? Government exists to protect the rights of the people. Government gets its power from the people. People can get rid of a government that does not protect their rights. Governments should be led by kings. Who was the main writer of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson What was the main idea of the booklet Common Sense? A. argued that people should have the right to govern themselves rather than be ruled by a king B. that the colonists should pay taxes and be protected by British soldiers C. argued that people should not have the right to govern themselves and should be ruled by a king D. colonists should get mad and throw tea into Boston Harbor Which of these men fought on the side of the British Army during the French and Indian War? A. B. C. D. Patrick Henry James Otis George Washington Thomas Jefferson Who said, “Give me liberty or give me death”? A. B. C. D. James Otis Patrick Henry John Adams Johnny Appleseed Who said, “Taxation without representation is tyranny”? A. B. C. D. James Otis George III George Washington Robin Hood Why did Britain need to tax and impose tariffs on the American colonies? Britain had to pay a huge ______ debt from the French and Indian War in which they protected the ________ __________ western settlers. What did the Sons of Liberty do? The Sons of Liberty protested the ________ Stamp Act stamps and ________ by burning _________ tax collectors. threatening _____ Why did Parliament pass the Coercive Acts? Parliament punished the colonists for the Boston ____ Tea _______ Party by closing the ________ port of Boston, forcing colonists to house British _________, soldiers and and feed _________ putting a British ________ general in charge. What were the colonists risking by signing the Declaration of Independence? The colonists were risking ________ death because they were committing ________. treason Why do you think John Adams defended the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre? John Adams wanted to make sure the trial fair ______. soldiers got a ______ THE BIG ESSAY!