Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution
Bell Ringer: Review Russian Rev, the beginning (5)
Lecture: Russian Revolution. (25)
Primary Document Analysis, Bolshevik Revolution. (10)
Imperialism Review (10)
Review for test on Wednesday/Friday
Multiple Choice
Essays- 3, pick 2
6. After Spring Break Schedule
During Titan Time: Cohort leaves at 11:40, AP Review strategies
and review for test Q and A.
1. Bell Ringer: What was the physical and emotional toll on the
troops during World War I?
2. Group AP Multiple Choice samples. (10)
3. Lecture: End of War and Russian Revolution. (20)
4. Changing History in Russia (5).
5. Primary Document Analysis, Bolshevik Revolution. (10)
6. Land, Peace, and Bread Activity. (15)
7. Treaty of Versailles Activity. (10)
Students will examine the impact of the Russian Revolution and the
formation of Communism as a political and economic theory.
Alexander III
• Takes over after father is
• Strengthen autocracy,
orthodoxy, and nationality.
• Censorship codes on all
written records.
• Even schools were
monitored for political
• Pogroms – organized
violence against Jews to
unify Russian Culture.
Nicholas II
• Tsar of the Romanov family
takes over in 1894.
• Refused to surrender any
• Industry slow to take hold.
• Trans-Siberian railway
constructed in 1904, Russia
is a leading steel industry.
Industrialization and Revolution
• More factories = poor
working conditions, low
wages, and child labor.
• Two Revolutionaries:
– 1903, Mensheviks broad
base of popular support for
a revolution.
– Bolsheviks, small number
of committed
• Lenin would lead the
Bolsheviks, but flee when
he faced arrest in early
International Affairs
• Russo-Japanese War
– Japan attacks Russia over
broken treaties. They manage
to take Manchuria.
• Bloody Sunday
– 200,000 show up peacefully
asking for better wages and
working conditions.
– Tsar is not at home, guards
fire on Civilians, killing 1,000.
Russia and World War I
• Weak Generals and lack of
artillery lead to the civilian
population revolting.
• Tsar Nicholas attempts to rule
near the front, to manage
military affairs.
• Wife runs government, but
follows the elusive Rasputin.
• War destroys morale, and with
food and supplies dwindling,
along with inflation, people
began a revolution.
The March Revolution
• It began with a strike in 1917
over food shortages.
• Soldiers given the task of
shooting the rioters would join
them instead.
• The Tsar would abdicate his
throne, and a provisional
government was interred.
• The provisional government
continues war and bad
policies, and a more radical
revolution follows with Lenin.
Vladimir Lenin
• Became a revolutionary
after brother was killed.
– He was attempting to
assassinate the Tsar.
• His own plot would lead
to Lenin fleeing from
Russia in the early
• Becomes “Father of the
The Bolshevik Revolution
• The provisional government
• “Peace, land and bread”
• Lenin’s rallying cry
resonated with the people.
• Over in a few hours with the
storming of the Winter
Palace, culminating in the
arrest of the former
government leaders.
Lenin in power
• All farmland is distributed
among peasants.
• Control of factories given to
the workers.
• Signed a truce with
• Brest-Litovsk treaty signed,
giving Russian territory to
Germany (Poland).
New Philosophy, New Russia
• New Economic Policy
– Small scale capitalism,
peasants can sell their crops
instead of giving to the
– Encouraged foreign
– Major industry controlled by
the government.
• Eventually they would move
towards Communism,
complete government
Lenin vs. Stalin
• Lenin advocated pure
Communism, handing over
control of farms and
factories to the “people”
but all goods were sent to
the government for
• Stalin would take power
soon after the death of
Lenin. He would force
Trotsky into exile, and
change Communism to a
totalitarian policy.
Now you see him
Now you don’t
Now you see them
Now you Don’t