Reconstruction Study Guide Important people to know: W.E.B. Du Bois: Segregation should be stopped now. FULL political, civil, and social rights for African Americans. Booker T. Washington: Accepted segregation. Equality gained through vocational education, THEN, worry about segregation later. Robert E. Lee: Urged Southerners to reconcile at the end of the war and reunite as Americans. Became president of Washington College which is now known as Washington and Lee University. Abraham Lincoln: Reconstruction plan called for reconciliation, Preservation of the Union. Frederick Douglass: Wanted constitutional amendments that guaranteed voting rights, powerful human voice for human rights and civil liberties for all. Important Amendments and Laws to know: Amendments & Supreme Courts Cases Thirteenth Amendment Important Facts Ended/banned slavery in the United States Fourteenth Amendment Citizenship to Blacks and full protection under the law (life, liberty & property). Fifteenth Amendment Gave black men the right to vote. Plessy V. Ferguson Jim Crow and Segregation Laws “Separate but equal” - Supreme Court case Laws that limited the rights of blacks. It kept Blacks and Whites separate and gave power to the rich whites. Reconstruction Effects Southern military leaders could not hold office. “Carpetbaggers” took advantage of the South during Reconstruction. African Americans gained equal rights given by the Civil Rights Act of 1866; federal troops to enforce. Northern soldiers supervised the South. Freedman’s Bureau established aid to former slaves in the South. RECONSTRUCTION ENDED WITH THE COMPROMISE OF 1877 (leading to…) Racial segregation “Jim Crow” laws based on race mostly at African Americans, other groups also kept segregated. passed to discriminate against African Americans. “Jim Crow” laws: Made discrimination practices legal in many communities and states. Gave unequal opportunities in housing, work, education, government for African Americans. Know your vocabulary! Make flashcards with definitions.