Mr. Pettit Modern America TEST REVIEW Test make up: multiple choice, matching, True/False 60 points. Materials to study: Chapter 18 and outlines/quizzes 3 types of diplomacy notes Chapter 19 and outlines/quizzes The Century video worksheet Homefront notes (powerpoint on website) Lists of countries involved in WWI. 14 Points worksheet Review questions… 1. What 3 events caused the U.S. to join WWI? sinking of the Lusitania, violation of Sussex pledge, and the Zimmerman Note. 2. What was Woodrow Wilson’s stance on going to war? Why did it change? Isolationism, it changed due to American civilians being harmed and the U.S. being threatened. 3. What type of warfare was fought during WWI? What were the details of this type of war? Trench warfare. Little ground was won or lost, high casualties, new weapons such as tanks, machine guns, mustard gas, airplanes, heavy artillery, and flamethrowers. 4. Who were the Allied and Central Powers in WWI? Which side did the U.S. support? Allies: Great Britain, France, Russia, eventually Italy. U.S. support and joined. Central: Germany, Austro-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria, Italy (at first) 5. How did Americans support the war in the U.S.A. economically? War Industries Board, Women took jobs, factories switched to wartime production. 6. What were the sedition and espionage acts? How did they affect Americans? New laws aimed at supporters of Germany that lived in the U.S. They caused German Americans to lose jobs, become targets of racial injustice, and names of German products to change (ex: “Liberty Pups”) 7. How did the war differ from most American’s expectations? What were some of the results of this? The reality was way more horrific than what the movies and newspapers showed. Caused “shell-shock” and other problems for Americans upon returning from war. 8. What was the main goal for U.S. soldiers in WWI? Who led their army? What role did they play on the battlefields? Maintain a separate American Army. John Pershing. Americans were helpful to morale of the allies, but not overly skilled militarily. They did help win the final Battle that made Germany surrender. 9. What were the 14 Points? How are they idealistic? Wilson’s peace plan. They aimed at the general good for all affected by the war, not just the Allies. 10. What were the results of the Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles? Germany is punished with reparations, the League of Nations is created but the U.S. does not join, and most of the 14 Points are discarded. 11. Besides Wilson, who else was at the peace conference? Who was excluded? David Lloyd George of Britain, Vittorio Orlando of Italy, and Georges Clemenceau of France. Germany was not in attendance. 12. How did the end of WWI help to cause WWII? By punishing Germany, hostility grew as well as a European Depression . Dictators rose to power at a vulnerable time. The League of Nations was too weak to do anything without the U.S.A.