Mr. Pettit Modern America 60 points.

Mr. Pettit
Modern America
Test make up: multiple choice, matching, True/False
60 points.
Materials to study:
Chapter 18 and outlines/quizzes
3 types of diplomacy notes
Chapter 19 and outlines/quizzes
The Century video worksheet
Homefront notes (powerpoint on website)
Lists of countries involved in WWI.
14 Points worksheet
Review questions…
1. What 3 events caused the U.S. to join WWI?
sinking of the Lusitania, violation of Sussex pledge, and the Zimmerman
2. What was Woodrow Wilson’s stance on going to war? Why did it change?
Isolationism, it changed due to American civilians being harmed and the
U.S. being threatened.
3. What type of warfare was fought during WWI? What were the details of this
type of war?
Trench warfare. Little ground was won or lost, high casualties, new
weapons such as tanks, machine guns, mustard gas, airplanes, heavy
artillery, and flamethrowers.
4. Who were the Allied and Central Powers in WWI? Which side did the U.S.
Allies: Great Britain, France, Russia, eventually Italy. U.S. support and
Central: Germany, Austro-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria, Italy (at
5. How did Americans support the war in the U.S.A. economically?
War Industries Board, Women took jobs, factories switched to wartime
6. What were the sedition and espionage acts? How did they affect Americans?
New laws aimed at supporters of Germany that lived in the U.S. They
caused German Americans to lose jobs, become targets of racial injustice,
and names of German products to change (ex: “Liberty Pups”)
7. How did the war differ from most American’s expectations? What were some
of the results of this?
The reality was way more horrific than what the movies and newspapers
showed. Caused “shell-shock” and other problems for Americans upon
returning from war.
8. What was the main goal for U.S. soldiers in WWI? Who led their army? What
role did they play on the battlefields?
Maintain a separate American Army. John Pershing. Americans were
helpful to morale of the allies, but not overly skilled militarily. They did
help win the final Battle that made Germany surrender.
9. What were the 14 Points? How are they idealistic?
Wilson’s peace plan. They aimed at the general good for all affected by the
war, not just the Allies.
10. What were the results of the Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of
Germany is punished with reparations, the League of Nations is created but
the U.S. does not join, and most of the 14 Points are discarded.
11. Besides Wilson, who else was at the peace conference? Who was excluded?
David Lloyd George of Britain, Vittorio Orlando of Italy, and Georges
Clemenceau of France. Germany was not in attendance.
12. How did the end of WWI help to cause WWII?
By punishing Germany, hostility grew as well as a European Depression .
Dictators rose to power at a vulnerable time.
The League of Nations was too weak to do anything without the U.S.A.