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ww1 unit test

WWI Unit Test
True of False. If the statement is true, choose the letter “A.” If the statement is false, choose the letter “B.”
1. In the decades before WWI, European leaders built up their nations’ armies because of their
belief in imperialism convinced them that a nation needed a large military.
2. The assassination of Germany’s Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the spark that started WWI.
3. Opposing Germany and its allies were a group of nations led by Britain, Russia, and France, who
were known as the Allied Powers.
4. During WWI, machine guns and artillery shelling made it impossible for soldier to fight against
the enemy on open ground and resulted in a new kind of battle called total warfare.
5. Germany used a type of submarine, which they called a U-boat, to sink ships bound for Britain
and France with supplies.
6. As factory workers went off to war, African Americans were drawn to northern cities by job
opportunities in a movement known as the freedom ride.
7. President Wilson created a government agency to produce movies, posters, and other materials
as propaganda to shape public opinion in support of the war.
8. The Supreme Court upheld the Espionage and Sedition Acts and ruled that the First Amendment
right to free speech could be limited during wartime.
9. To help pay for the war, the American people made loans to the government by purchasing
mutual funds.
10. I come to school every day because Mr. Lock is my favorite teacher. I would mark A for this one,
folks. 
Multiple Choice. Choose the letter of the best answer.
11. What was the convoy system designed to do?
a. Protect merchant ships from U-boats
b. Present a line of destroyers to attack German ships
c. Create a line of flying aces
d. All of the above
12. How did the U.S. citizens help with the war effort at home?
a. They planted victory gardens so more food could go to soldiers
b. They collected tin cans, paper, and toothpaste tubes
c. They sold and purchased war bonds
WWI Unit Test
d. All of the above are true
13. What made the Allies’ need for the U.S. to enter the war more urgent?
a. Communism threatened to spread to England
b. Russia made peace with Germany
c. Influenza spread through the French military
d. Germany was developing a new bomb that would destroy the Allies.
14. What did Russia’s withdrawal from the war mean for the Allies?
a. The Allies no longer had to fight the Russians
b. The poor leadership of Nicholas II would not harm the Allies’ cause
c. It intensified the war for the Allies on the western front.
d. Help from the U.S. became unnecessary.
15. Why did the government sell war bonds during the war?
a. To allow people to display their patriotism
b. To raise money to pay for the war
c. To enable people to buy goods that were in short supply
d. To provide help to the people of war-torn Europe
16. The movement of African Americans from the South to the Northern cities is called
a. The Great Migration
b. The Freedom Trail
c. The Freedom Ride
d. The Great Escape
17. The tanks, poison gas, and other technology that was used for the first time in WWI are
evidence of which underlying cause of the war?
a. Militarism
b. Nationalism
c. Imperialism
d. Alliances
18. Why did the Zimmermann telegram anger Americans?
a. It said Germany would resume unrestricted submarine warfare.
b. It withdrew the German promise not to sink merchant ships.
c. It offered Mexico German help in reclaiming land lost to the United States
d. If offered the U.S. help in conquering Mexico.
19. The Senate refused to ratify the treaty ending WWI because
WWI Unit Test
a. Americans were afraid of more foreign commitments
b. President Wilson said the treaty was too easy on Germany
c. The American public wanted Germany to be punished for the war.
d. The United States was being asked to pay reparations for war damages.
20. What were the Fourteen Points?
a. The list of the Senate’s objections to the peace treaty with Germany
b. President Wilson’s goals for the peace treaty to end WWI
c. The Allies’ objections to Wilson’s plans for Europe after the war.
d. The sections of the peace treaty as it was approved by the Allies.
21. What contributions was a woman least likely to make during WWI?
a. Work in a clerical job at a government agency
b. Serve as a Red Cross nurse in Europe
c. Work in a war industries factory
d. Serve in the U.S. Armed Forces.
22. Why did Allied leaders not share Wilson’s vision of a “peace without victory”?
a. They thought the U.S. Senate would not approve such a treaty.
b. They wanted Germany punished for its part in the war
c. The did not want Wilson to get the credit for writing the treaty
d. They wanted to make Wilson look bad to the American people
23. The treaty that brought WWI to a close was
a. The Treaty of Paris
b. The Peace of Paris
c. The Treaty of Versailles
d. The League of Nations
24. How did WWI affect Mexican immigrants?
a. Immigration declined because of the Zimmermann Telegram.
b. Mexican immigrants were vastly recruited to fight for the U.S.
c. Mexican immigration increase due to an industry boom in the Southwest U.S.
d. Mexican immigrants filled a need for farm laborers in the Southwest U.S.
25. What group was not a target of the Red Scare?
a. Suspected criminals
b. Immigrants
c. Suspected anarchists
d. African Americans
26. The commander of American troops in Europe in WWI was
a. Douglas MacArthur
b. Dwight D. Eisenhower
c. John J. Pershing
d. Theodore Roosevelt
WWI Unit Test
27. The convoy system, which was used for the first time during WWI, was a strategy
a. To protect troops in the trenches from poisonous gas attacks.
b. To protect soldiers on the ground from being bombed by airplanes
c. To teach foot soldiers how to defend against tank attacks
d. To use warships to escort groups of merchant ships across the Atlantic.
28. What was the AEF?
a. The American Expeditionary Force—the name given to the American army in Europe
b. The Allied European Forces—the name of the Allies’ army in Europe
c. Americans for England and France—a group that opposed American neutrality in the
d. Americans Expressing Freedom—a patriotic group that raised money to buy supplies for
the American troops in Europe
29. An agreement to end all fighting in a war is called
a. An armistice
b. A peace conference
c. An unconditional surrender
d. A hotdog
30. Which of the following was a long-term effect of WWI?
a. The death of millions of people from the flu epidemic
b. The creation of nations of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia
c. The United States’ joining the League of Nations
d. Women working in factory jobs
31. Which of the following planted seeds of resentment that led to WWII?
a. Europeans opposed U.S. participation in the League of Nations
b. U.S. officials arrested many European immigrants for sedition
c. Germans were angry about reparations in the Treaty of Versailles
d. Germans could not forgive Russia for its withdrawal from WWI
32. Which of the following statements is true about WWI?
a. Technological advances had made warfare much more deadly
b. Trench warfare was the best strategy for gaining ground quickly
c. Cavalry on horseback maneuvered better than tanks
d. Poison gas was not an effective method for killing enemy troops
33. How did the federal government control the nation’s economy during the war?
a. It regulated production and set prices
b. It settled conflicts between workers and employers
c. It limited people’s ability to buy and use certain items
d. All of the above are true
WWI Unit Test
34. Which was NOT one of President Wilson’s Fourteen Points?
a. An association of nations to peacefully settle disputes
b. Free trade and freedom of the seas
c. The punishment of Germany
d. Two separate nations for the people of Austria-Hungary
35. Which was NOT true of the government’s propaganda campaign during the war?
a. It tried to increase patriotism and weaken opposition to the war.
b. It helped people to overcome their prejudice against the German culture
c. It stirred up enthusiasm among the public to buy war bonds
d. It was managed by the Committee on Public Information
36. Which German action angered Americans?
a. Unrestricted submarine warfare
b. The sinking of the Lusitania
c. The sending of the Zimmermann telegram
d. All of the above.
37. What international organization was formed after WWI to settle future disputes peacefully?
a. The League of Nations
b. The World Court
c. The United Nations
d. The World Security Council
38. Which was NOT a requirement of the Treaty of Versailles?
a. Germany was stripped of its colonies around the world.
b. Germany was ordered to pay the Allies for war damages
c. Austria-Hungary was divided into several nations
d. Germany was divided into East Germany and West Germany
39. Which event is an example of nationalism as an underlying cause of WWI?
a. Germany began to build up its army and navy to prepare for eventual war.
b. Germany and Great Britain fought over control of a Pacific island.
c. A Serb assassinated Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary because he wanted Serbia
to have its own country.
d. Russia put its army on alert to defend its ally Serbia against Austria-Hungary
Map Skills. Use the map to help you answer the following questions.
WWI Unit Test
40. How did the war progress between 1914 and 1918, prior to the Allied drive?
a. Germany and the Allies repeatedly moved across France
b. France almost drove the Germans away only to be recaptured
c. It was a stalemate with very little movement
d. Germany crossed France to the English Channel
41. In which direction was the Allied drive heading?
a. North and East
b. North and West
c. South and East
d. South and West
42. Near what river was the Second Battle of Marne?
a. Marne River
b. Aisne River
c. Meuse River
d. Seine River
43. Why did most of the battles occur in France instead of Germany?
a. The French felt safer fighting on their own soil
b. Germany did not think it could conquer Belgium
WWI Unit Test
c. The French did not believe in attacking other countries
d. Germany had initially invaded France
44. The map shows the farthest extent of an invasion by which country?
a. England
b. France
c. Germany
d. Belgium
45. How far apart in miles did the two battles of the Marne take place?
a. About 15 miles
b. About 50 miles
c. About 70 miles
d. About 100 miles.
46. Where is Mr. Lock on the map? (This is a bonus question; guess correctly, get a bonus point)
a. Obviously he is in Frankfurt, as he thought he was visiting Kentucky’s capital.
b. It’s evident he is visiting the city named for his favorite vegetable, brussel sprouts
c. Uh, duh! Finding Nemo, in the North Sea
d. Literally Channel Surfing in the English Channel.