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ww1 unit test

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WWI Unit Test Lock

True of False.

If the statement is true, choose the letter “A.” If the statement is false, choose the letter “B.”

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

In the decades before WWI, European leaders built up their nations’ armies because of their belief in imperialism convinced them that a nation needed a large military.

The assassination of Germany’s Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the spark that started WWI.

Opposing Germany and its allies were a group of nations led by Britain, Russia, and France, who were known as the Allied Powers.

During WWI, machine guns and artillery shelling made it impossible for soldier to fight against the enemy on open ground and resulted in a new kind of battle called total warfare.

Germany used a type of submarine, which they called a U-boat, to sink ships bound for Britain and France with supplies.

As factory workers went off to war, African Americans were drawn to northern cities by job opportunities in a movement known as the freedom ride.

President Wilson created a government agency to produce movies, posters, and other materials 7.

8.

9.

To help pay for the war, the American people made loans to the government by purchasing mutual funds.

10.

I come to school every day because Mr. Lock is my favorite teacher. I would mark A for this one, folks.

 as propaganda to shape public opinion in support of the war.

The Supreme Court upheld the Espionage and Sedition Acts and ruled that the First Amendment right to free speech could be limited during wartime.

Multiple Choice. Choose the letter of the best answer.

11.

What was the convoy system designed to do? a.

Protect merchant ships from U-boats b.

c.

d.

Present a line of destroyers to attack German ships

Create a line of flying aces

All of the above

12.

How did the U.S. citizens help with the war effort at home? a.

b.

c.

They planted victory gardens so more food could go to soldiers

They collected tin cans, paper, and toothpaste tubes

They sold and purchased war bonds

WWI Unit Test d.

All of the above are true

13.

What made the Allies’ need for the U.S. to enter the war more urgent? a.

Communism threatened to spread to England b.

c.

d.

Russia made peace with Germany

Influenza spread through the French military

Germany was developing a new bomb that would destroy the Allies.

14.

What did Russia’s withdrawal from the war mean for the Allies? a.

The Allies no longer had to fight the Russians b.

c.

d.

The poor leadership of Nicholas II would not harm the Allies’ cause

It intensified the war for the Allies on the western front.

Help from the U.S. became unnecessary.

15.

Why did the government sell war bonds during the war? a.

b.

c.

d.

To allow people to display their patriotism

To raise money to pay for the war

To enable people to buy goods that were in short supply

To provide help to the people of war-torn Europe

16.

The movement of African Americans from the South to the Northern cities is called a.

b.

The Great Migration

The Freedom Trail c.

d.

The Freedom Ride

The Great Escape

17.

The tanks, poison gas, and other technology that was used for the first time in WWI are evidence of which underlying cause of the war? a.

b.

c.

d.

Militarism

Nationalism

Imperialism

Alliances

18.

Why did the Zimmermann telegram anger Americans? a.

b.

c.

d.

It said Germany would resume unrestricted submarine warfare.

It withdrew the German promise not to sink merchant ships.

It offered Mexico German help in reclaiming land lost to the United States

If offered the U.S. help in conquering Mexico.

19.

The Senate refused to ratify the treaty ending WWI because

Lock

WWI Unit Test a.

b.

c.

d.

Americans were afraid of more foreign commitments

President Wilson said the treaty was too easy on Germany

The American public wanted Germany to be punished for the war.

The United States was being asked to pay reparations for war damages.

20.

What were the Fourteen Points? a.

The list of the Senate’s objections to the peace treaty with Germany b.

c.

d.

President Wilson’s goals for the peace treaty to end WWI

The Allies’ objections to Wilson’s plans for Europe after the war.

The sections of the peace treaty as it was approved by the Allies.

21.

What contributions was a woman least likely to make during WWI? a.

Work in a clerical job at a government agency b.

c.

Serve as a Red Cross nurse in Europe

Work in a war industries factory d.

Serve in the U.S. Armed Forces.

22.

Why did Allied leaders not share Wilson’s vision of a “peace without victory”? a.

b.

c.

d.

They thought the U.S. Senate would not approve such a treaty.

They wanted Germany punished for its part in the war

The did not want Wilson to get the credit for writing the treaty

They wanted to make Wilson look bad to the American people

23.

The treaty that brought WWI to a close was a.

b.

c.

The Treaty of Paris

The Peace of Paris

The Treaty of Versailles d.

The League of Nations

24.

How did WWI affect Mexican immigrants? a.

b.

Immigration declined because of the Zimmermann Telegram.

Mexican immigrants were vastly recruited to fight for the U.S. c.

d.

Mexican immigration increase due to an industry boom in the Southwest U.S.

Mexican immigrants filled a need for farm laborers in the Southwest U.S.

25.

What group was not a target of the Red Scare? a.

b.

c.

d.

Suspected criminals

Immigrants

Suspected anarchists

African Americans

26.

The commander of American troops in Europe in WWI was a.

Douglas MacArthur b.

c.

d.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

John J. Pershing

Theodore Roosevelt

Lock

WWI Unit Test Lock

27.

The convoy system, which was used for the first time during WWI, was a strategy a.

b.

To protect troops in the trenches from poisonous gas attacks.

To protect soldiers on the ground from being bombed by airplanes c.

d.

To teach foot soldiers how to defend against tank attacks

To use warships to escort groups of merchant ships across the Atlantic.

28.

What was the AEF? a.

b.

c.

The American Expeditionary Force—the name given to the American army in Europe

The Allied European Forces—the name of the Allies’ army in Europe

Americans for England and France—a group that opposed American neutrality in the war d.

Americans Expressing Freedom—a patriotic group that raised money to buy supplies for the American troops in Europe

29.

An agreement to end all fighting in a war is called a.

An armistice b.

c.

A peace conference

An unconditional surrender d.

A hotdog

30.

Which of the following was a long-term effect of WWI? a.

b.

The death of millions of people from the flu epidemic

The creation of nations of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia c.

d.

The United States’ joining the League of Nations

Women working in factory jobs

31.

Which of the following planted seeds of resentment that led to WWII? a.

b.

c.

d.

Europeans opposed U.S. participation in the League of Nations

U.S. officials arrested many European immigrants for sedition

Germans were angry about reparations in the Treaty of Versailles

Germans could not forgive Russia for its withdrawal from WWI

32.

Which of the following statements is true about WWI? a.

Technological advances had made warfare much more deadly b.

c.

d.

Trench warfare was the best strategy for gaining ground quickly

Cavalry on horseback maneuvered better than tanks

Poison gas was not an effective method for killing enemy troops

33.

How did the federal government control the nation’s economy during the war? a.

It regulated production and set prices b.

c.

d.

It settled conflicts between workers and employers

It limited people’s ability to buy and use certain items

All of the above are true

WWI Unit Test Lock

34.

Which was NOT one of President Wilson’s Fourteen Points? a.

An association of nations to peacefully settle disputes b.

c.

Free trade and freedom of the seas

The punishment of Germany d.

Two separate nations for the people of Austria-Hungary

35.

Which was NOT true of the government’s propaganda campaign during the war? a.

b.

It tried to increase patriotism and weaken opposition to the war.

It helped people to overcome their prejudice against the German culture c.

d.

It stirred up enthusiasm among the public to buy war bonds

It was managed by the Committee on Public Information

36.

Which German action angered Americans? a.

b.

c.

d.

Unrestricted submarine warfare

The sinking of the Lusitania

The sending of the Zimmermann telegram

All of the above.

37.

What international organization was formed after WWI to settle future disputes peacefully? a.

The League of Nations b.

c.

d.

The World Court

The United Nations

The World Security Council

38.

Which was NOT a requirement of the Treaty of Versailles? a.

Germany was stripped of its colonies around the world. b.

c.

d.

Germany was ordered to pay the Allies for war damages

Austria-Hungary was divided into several nations

Germany was divided into East Germany and West Germany

39.

Which event is an example of nationalism as an underlying cause of WWI? a.

Germany began to build up its army and navy to prepare for eventual war. b.

c.

Germany and Great Britain fought over control of a Pacific island.

A Serb assassinated Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary because he wanted Serbia to have its own country. d.

Russia put its army on alert to defend its ally Serbia against Austria-Hungary

Map Skills. Use the map to help you answer the following questions.

WWI Unit Test Lock

40.

How did the war progress between 1914 and 1918, prior to the Allied drive? a.

Germany and the Allies repeatedly moved across France b.

c.

d.

France almost drove the Germans away only to be recaptured

It was a stalemate with very little movement

Germany crossed France to the English Channel

41.

In which direction was the Allied drive heading? a.

North and East b.

c.

North and West

South and East d.

South and West

42.

Near what river was the Second Battle of Marne? a.

b.

c.

d.

Marne River

Aisne River

Meuse River

Seine River

43.

Why did most of the battles occur in France instead of Germany? a.

b.

The French felt safer fighting on their own soil

Germany did not think it could conquer Belgium

WWI Unit Test Lock c.

d.

The French did not believe in attacking other countries

Germany had initially invaded France

44.

The map shows the farthest extent of an invasion by which country? a.

b.

c.

d.

England

France

Germany

Belgium

45.

How far apart in miles did the two battles of the Marne take place? a.

b.

About 15 miles

About 50 miles c.

d.

About 70 miles

About 100 miles.

46.

Where is Mr. Lock on the map? (This is a bonus question; guess correctly, get a bonus point

) a.

Obviously he is in Frankfurt, as he thought he was visiting Kentucky’s capital. b.

c.

d.

e.

It’s evident he is visiting the city named for his favorite vegetable, brussel sprouts

Uh, duh! Finding Nemo, in the North Sea

Literally Channel Surfing in the English Channel.

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