Important Things to Know About the Dynasties Xia Medical treatments like acupuncture developed. Learned to make paper. According to legend, Yu tamed the Hwang He and founded a dynasty. Shang Tang and Song The king had important religious rituals to perform. The Chinese developed a system of writing. The first accurate Chinese calendar was developed. The Golden Ages of China. The sternpost rudder and magnetic compass helped make them a naval power. Literature flourished with the development of block printing and moveable type. Zhou Invaders from the northwest. Yuan Developed the idea of the Mandate of Heaven Genghiz Khan and Kublai Khan are associated with this dynasty, which was founded by the Mongols. Qin Ming Emperor conquered his neighbors and called himself the Sri Huangdi or “First Emperor”. They built the Forbidden City in Beijing. Ships sailed as far as Africa, but they later cut themselves off from the outside world. Believed in Legalist principals. Established a single code of law, uniform weights and measures and currency regulations. Qing Built the first Great Wall. Dynasty established by Manchu invaders. They forbid marrying with Chinese or wearing Chinese clothing. Han The Silk Road, a trade route, prospered. Set up a civil service exam system.