Important Things to Know About the Dynasties Xia Tang and Song The Golden Ages of China. Embraced Confucianism. The sternpost rudder and magnetic compass helped make them a naval power. Traded with outside world. Literature flourished with the development of block printing and moveable type. Zhou Used trade and diplomacy with nomads. Invaders from the northwest. Yuan Developed the idea of the Mandate of Heaven Founded by Mongol invaders. Genghiz Khan and Kublai Khan are associated with this dynasty. Emperor conquered his neighbors and called himself the Sri Huangdi or “First Emperor”. Had ties with broader Mongol empire. Tried to isolate themselves from Chinese culture. Believed in Legalist principals. Kept Confucian scholars. Established a single code of law, uniform weights and measures and currency regulations. Ming Established by Chinese rebels. Built the first Great Wall. Embraced Confucianism. Han They built the Forbidden City in Beijing. The Silk Road, a trade route, prospered. Embraced Confucianism. Ships sailed as far as Africa, but they later cut themselves off from the outside world. Set up a civil service exam system. Built Great Wall of stone. Medical treatments like acupuncture developed. Learned to make paper. Built a Great Wall. According to myth, Yu tamed the Huang He and founded this dynasty. Shang The king had important religious rituals to perform. The Chinese developed a system of writing. The first accurate Chinese calendar was developed. Qin Qing Dynasty established by Manchu invaders. Kept Confucian scholars. They forbid marrying with Chinese or wearing Chinese clothing. Kept China isolated from the outside world.