Virginia Company Prince Henry Lord Baltimore Roger Williams Sir Walter Raleigh Middle Passage Anne Hutchinson Roanoke Half-Way Covenant Squanto Indentured Servants John Smith Humphrey Gilbert Jamestown General Court John Rolfe Navigation Acts Crusades Ireland John Winthrop Slave Factories Covenant Starving Time New France St. Augustine Maryland Anasazi Puritans Joint Stock Company Seperatists Eastern Woodland Indians Beringia Staple Crops Columbian Exchange Plymouth William Penn Mercantilism Sea Dogs Salem Witchcraft Trials Mayflower Compact Christopher Columbus Massachusetts Bay Cahokia Vikings William Bradford Bacon’s Rebellion Francis Drake Town meeting Essays: 1. Discuss the impact of the transfer of plants, animals and diseases on both the Old and the New World. 2. Examine the similarities and differences between the lifestyle of the Chesapeake colonists and that of the New England colonists around 1640. 3. What did John Winthrop mean when he spoke of his “city upon a hill”? To what extent were the Puritans successful in building that city? 4. Examine the forces present in Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that lead to colonization of the New World. 5. Discuss the cases of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson. Why were Williams and Hutchinson perceived as threats by the Puritan authorities? What do these cases tell us about the belief system of the Puritan authorities in Massachusetts? 6. What was mercantilism and how did it shape the economic and political relationship between England and her colonies? 7. Discuss England’s colonial efforts before 1620, and indicate the causes for failure. How did the experiences of the English in Ireland influence their colonial policies in America. 8. Pre-Columbian Native Americans were not exclusively nomadic, nor did they live exclusively in small villages. Many lived in major cities. Describe such preColumbian cities, using Cahokia as an example.