Revolutions Study Guide - Answers

 1. unrestricted power of the
government with Divine Right to
 2. Enlightenment, Observation ,
John Locke
Baron de
Purpose of government is to protect peoples’
Natural Rights that of Life, Liberty, Property
The best way to protect people’s rights is to
divide power into 3 branches
Freedom of speech
is the only way to fight
People should receive a speedy and fair
4. Deism, God created the world and then
stepped away
5. French & Indian War, Ohio Territory,
George Washington, frontier style
 6. Ben Franklin, Snake
7. French lost
English Won
 8. The war was expensive and they
ended up with a lot of debts
 9. the colonists were not treated like
full British citizens, less pay in army,
not representation in Parliament
 10. raising taxes
11. Stamp Act raised taxes on paper and
legal documents, newspapers
Quartering Act forced colonists to
house and feed British soldiers
Sugar Act was a tax on the molasses,
silks, wine
Intolerable Act was a consequence for
Tea Party- closed Boston Harbor
 12. No Representation in Parliament
 13. Tyranny- a government’s abuse
of power
 Liberty- political freedoms
 14. Thomas Paine, Common Sense
 15. Continental Army
disadvantages- lacked
experience, supplies and food
advantages- fight at home, will
to win, frontier style fighting
 16.
 17.
First Battle- Lexington & Concord
Turning point- Saratoga
Final Battle-Yorktown
Thomas Jefferson
He used John Locke’s ideas of Natural
Rights: Life & Liberty as well as
Consent of the governed.
18. Clergy, no taxes
Nobility, (very little) taxes of
Everyone else, paying taxes up to
50% of income
19. 3rd Estate, National Assembly,
Tennis Court
keep meeting to create a Constitution
20. Louis XVI, France declared war on
Austria and Prussia. The king was
convicted of treason and was executed.
21. protect France from its enemies,
Robespierre, dictator
22. 1793 – 1794 “enemies of the Revolution”
23. Jacobins, executed
24. He was a national hero and the people of
France would rather have a strong leader
than a weak democracy.