1. unrestricted power of the government with Divine Right to rule. 2. Enlightenment, Observation , logic, 3. John Locke Baron de Montesquieu Voltaire Cesar Beccaria Purpose of government is to protect peoples’ Natural Rights that of Life, Liberty, Property The best way to protect people’s rights is to divide power into 3 branches Freedom of speech oppression is the only way to fight People should receive a speedy and fair trial. 4. Deism, God created the world and then stepped away 5. French & Indian War, Ohio Territory, George Washington, frontier style 6. Ben Franklin, Snake 7. French lost English Won 8. The war was expensive and they ended up with a lot of debts 9. the colonists were not treated like full British citizens, less pay in army, not representation in Parliament 10. raising taxes 11. Stamp Act raised taxes on paper and legal documents, newspapers Quartering Act forced colonists to house and feed British soldiers Sugar Act was a tax on the molasses, silks, wine Intolerable Act was a consequence for Tea Party- closed Boston Harbor 12. No Representation in Parliament 13. Tyranny- a government’s abuse of power Liberty- political freedoms 14. Thomas Paine, Common Sense 15. Continental Army disadvantages- lacked experience, supplies and food advantages- fight at home, will to win, frontier style fighting 16. 17. First Battle- Lexington & Concord Turning point- Saratoga Final Battle-Yorktown Thomas Jefferson He used John Locke’s ideas of Natural Rights: Life & Liberty as well as Consent of the governed. 18. Clergy, no taxes Nobility, (very little) taxes of Everyone else, paying taxes up to 50% of income 19. 3rd Estate, National Assembly, Tennis Court keep meeting to create a Constitution 20. Louis XVI, France declared war on Austria and Prussia. The king was convicted of treason and was executed. 21. protect France from its enemies, Robespierre, dictator 22. 1793 – 1794 “enemies of the Revolution” guillotine 23. Jacobins, executed 24. He was a national hero and the people of France would rather have a strong leader than a weak democracy.