The Declaration of Independence Jefferson’s jewel Philosophy • Based on the ideas of John Locke. 3 parts: • 1. (a) “All men are created equal and are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, including life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” • (b) “To secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their power from the consent of the governed.” • © “Whenever the government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute a new government.” • 2. List of grievances. • 3. Conclusion. “these united colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states. Significance of the D of I • Elevated the struggle into a war for independence. • Encouraged France and Spain to assist the colonists. • Made possible the 1778 alliance between France and US. • A source of inspiration throughout history in both the USA and the world.