American Colonies Emerge Chapter 2 Spain’s American Empire Section 1 Cortes Conquers Mexico Hernando Cortes – conquistador Came to America in search of gold Aztec capital Tenochtitlan Gains trust of Montezuma Over takes city and people with superior weapons and disease Settling the South Juan Ponce de Leon - Florida Francisco Vasquez de Coronado leads 1st expedition to Southwest US (Arizona) Spanish Missions Formed – Forced Roman Catholic beliefs on native – Natives weak from disease – Looking for help – Harsh treatment Cartoon Project Create a Political Cartoon telling the story of an interaction between the Spanish and Native Americans At least 3 boxes All original artwork – no computer Graded on quality and knowledge of event Possible events: Columbus, Cortez and the Aztecs, Spanish Missions, etc. Jamestown Section 2 Early Jamestown John Smith and the Virginia Company – Joint stock company – businesses in which their wealth for a common purpose 150 original settlers – Inexperienced, gold fever Smith created law “no work, no food” – Help from natives Hope for Jamestown Most original settlers died – Smith goes back to England 2nd wave of settlers no better – Most died in first winter New leadership revives colony – Harsh rules – $ from tobacco Activity: Why are laws needed to create orders? Activity: New Colony If you were planning on starting a new town/colony what 10 people would you want to bring, why would you choose these people (skills, knowledge???) Why do you think Jamestown did not have success in the beginning? Brown Gold Tobacco trade saves American colonies Indentured servants – contacted worker for a limited time in return for food, shelter and travel expenses – Many were African who would gain freedom Activity: What products keep the American economy going today? What about Yuma? Conflict Between Classes Most colonists had little money and no say in government Tax money being misused Bacon’s Rebellion – Nathaniel Bacon Seeking Religious Freedom Sections 3 and 4 Puritans Puritan – religious group wanting to eliminate Catholic ritual and tradition in the church Pilgrims – Plymouth Colony John Winthrop – Masachusettes Bay Colony – “City on a Hill” – Church and State – strict rules Separation of Church and State Roger William and Anne Hutchinson – Religious freedom – Tolerance – accepting another's beliefs even if they are different from your own.