Chapter 17 – Part 3 Figure Figure Figure Figure Functions of protein ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Provide structural and mechanical support Maintain body tissues Functions as enzymes and hormones Help maintain acid base balance Transport nutrients Assist the immune system Serve as a source of energy when necessary Essential – must be consumed in the diet Nonessential – can be synthesized in the body Conditionally essential – cannot be synthesized due to illness or lack of necessary precursors Body creates all of its proteins from 22 different amino acids 13 are manufactured 9 are essential amino acids – body needs them but cannot make them Complete proteins ◦ Contain all nine essential amino acids. ◦ Usually animal source are complete proteins. ◦ Sources: Fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, cheese, yogurt, and many soybean products. Incomplete proteins ◦ Low in one or more essential amino acid. ◦ Plant sources are incomplete. ◦ Sources: Beans, peas, nuts, and whole grains. Healthy, non-pregnant adults ◦ Should consume enough to replace what is used every day ◦ Goal is nitrogen balance Pregnant women, people recovering from surgery or injury, and growing children ◦ Should consume enough to build new tissue Without these particular structural proteins, we would look more like this….