File - Mr. Patrick Haughaboo

Section 4
American as a World Power
Balancing Power in Asia
1. Roosevelt ended the war between Japan and
a. Convinced Russians to recognize Japan’s
territorial gains
b. Persuaded Japanese to stop fighting and to seek
no further territory
c. Won the Nobel Peace Prize
2. Japan and U.S. agreed to respect each other,
uphold the Open Door Policy, and support China’s
3. Pres. Roosevelt sent 16
battleships of the new
U.S. Navy on a voyage around the world to
showcase the nation’s military might.
- This fleet was known as the Great
White Fleet
The Panama Canal
A. Reasons to build
1. Save time
2. Save money
3. Help U.S. become a world power
B. Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
1. Signed by Senator Hay and British Prime Minister
2. Gave the U.S. the exclusive right to build a canal
through central America
C. After a Panamanian revolt, we recognized Panama’s
independence and we signed a treaty to build the
D. Took 10 yrs to build, but it shortened the distance
from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean by about 8,000
Roosevelt Corollary
Afraid Europe will intervene in Latin Am
He wants US to be dominant power
Extension of the Monroe Doctrine
West African proverb… “Speak softly and
carry a big stick”
5. International police power
Dollar Diplomacy
1. Used by President Taft
2. Less emphasis on military strength
3. More on helping the Latin American
Woodrow Wilson's Diplomacy
President Wilson believed in democracy
Political Revolution in Mexico
 Wilson disliked new Mexican leader (Victoriano Huerta), sent in
Marines to overthrow him
 Replaced by Venustiano Carranza
 Disliked by some Mexicans. Rebels led by Pancho Villa
 Mexico sent Pancho Villa to New Mexico – murdered many
 Wilson sent John J. Pershing to capture Villa but was
 Damaged US foreign relations