Greek and Latin Roots BACK FRONT Include Stem Include an Illustration that reveals the meaning Include Meaning ≥3 Stem Words (Highlight Stem and Underline reminder of word) Sentence (Highlight Stem and Underline reminder of word) Meaning: with, together Words: communicate, compress, combine, compatible combat Sentence: The two teachers decided to combine their classes when they returned from lunch. Meaning: good, well Examples: benefactor, beneficial, benevolent, benediction, beneficiary, benefit The rally was beneficial to all cancer survivors. Meaning: against , opposite Examples: antisocial, antiseptic, antichrist, antifreeze, antibiotic, antifungal The antisocial boy played a game of chess. Meaning: away , from, down Examples: absent, abduction, abnormal, abstract, absorb The little boy was absent from school. Meaning: not, out , without Examples: atheist, anonymous, apathy, anemia, atypical, anesthesia It was atypical for the man to have money. Meaning: bad, evil Examples: malware, malady, malevolent, malice, malfunction, malignant There was a malfunction on the computer. Meaning: before Examples: predict, preview pre-assessment, predestined, pre-election Presumed Guilty is a good book. Meaning: again, back Examples: retreat, revisit, reassess, reread, restore, reconsider, revoke, rebound The woman observed her reflection. Meaning: life Examples: biology, biometrics, biome, biosphere I was asked to study the biological development of infants. Meaning: self Examples: automobile, autograph, automatic It seems that the body works automatically. Meaning: under, below, beneath Examples: subway, substitute, subheading, submarine, substandard The substitute teacher was very serious. Meaning: around Examples: circumstance, circumcise, circumlocution, circumscribed, circumference The teacher asked us to find the circumference. Meaning: two Examples: bilingual, bilevel, biannual, bicentennial, bifocals, bipolar The bilingual boy spoke two languages. Meaning: after Examples: postpartum, postponed, postgraduate, postdate, postwar, postscript, posthumous Tupac received many posthumous awards. Meaning: down, out of, away, undo Examples: deport, depress, deduct, decay, decline, decode You have to decode words before you learn them. Meaning: with, together Examples: combat, combination, communication, complement, committee Dr. King communicated effectively. Meaning: with, together Examples: connect, conclusive, concealable, connotation, contingency, conjunction, consensus Conjunctions join two sets of words together. Meaning: not Examples: nonabrasive, non-adaptive, nonreactive, non-edible, nonacademic, nonachiever, nontoxic These demands are nonnegotiable! Meaning: equal Examples: equivalent, equilaterals, equipollent The angles are equivalent on the triangle. Meaning: away Examples: disabled, disaccord, disadvantageous, disclaimer, discredit, dismay, discrepancies, disarray The disclaimer was drafted to protect the business. Meaning: beyond Examples: extracurricular, extralinquistic, extraneous, extraterrestrials, extravert The extraterrestrial came from outer space! Meaning: before Examples: antebellum, antecedents, antedate, antemeridiem, anterior The antecedent usually comes before the pronoun. Meaning: over Examples: superabundance, superb, superfluous, superior, superlatives, supernatural, superficial, supermodels, superwoman The superheroes saved the day! Meaning: half Examples: semiannual, semicircle, semifinalist, semiconscious, semiautomatic, semicolon I had to draw a semicircle in math class. Meaning: three Examples: triad, triangle, tripod, trilogy, triangular, triceps, trilateral, triathlon The Sharon Draper trilogy is fascinating. Meaning: not Examples: unabated, unabridged, unable, unaccountable, undeniable, unaffiliated, unconstitutional, undefeated The door was left unlocked. Meaning: within Examples: intramural, intravenous, intracellular, intratextual, intradepartmental The fluid was intravenously introduced into the patient’s body. Meaning: between Examples: interact, interbehavioral, interbreed, intercede, intercept, intercity, intercoastal After the interception, the game was all but over. Meaning: bad Examples: misadventure, misaim, misalignment, misbehave, miscalculate, miscarriage, misinterpret, misconstrue There was an obvious miscalculation made by the teacher. Meaning: together Examples: symbolize, symmetrical, sympathetic, symphony, symbiotic The symphony played with such harmony. Meaning: together Examples: synchronize, synergize, syndication, synopsis, synthesis, synagogue, synthetic, synonymous Those synchronized swimmers were so precise. Meaning: sound Examples: phonemic, phonic, phonology, microphone, telephone, phonograph The telephone was invented by Alexander Gram Bell. Meaning: specialist Examples: musician, magician, pediatrician, physician, mortician, dietician The magician entertained the crowd for hours. Meaning: water Examples: aquarium, aquamarine, aquanaut, aquatic, Aquarius There were many dangerous fish in the girls’ aquarium. Meaning: hear Examples: audible, auditorium, audience, audiovisual, audio, audiofrequency The acoustics in the auditorium allowed me to hear every detail. Meaning: cut Examples: circumcise, concise, exercise, exorcise, precise The teacher needed the student to be more concise in her summary of the chapter. Meaning: small Examples: microbe, microbiology, microorganism, microphone, microscope I used a microscope to view the organism. Meaning: carry Examples: airport, deport, export, passport, report, support, teleport The United States exports many goods and services to other countries. Meaning: write Examples: circumscribe, describe, inscribe, prescribe, postscribe, subscribe, transcribe The pharmacist prescribed medicine for her patient. Meaning: science/study of Examples: anesthesiology, anthropology, archaeology, biology, ideology, mineralogy I read my biology textbook to learn some fascinating things. Meaning: say Examples: dictate, diction, dictionary, dictator, A dictionary is necessary if you are unfamiliar with the meaning of a word. Meaning: government Examples: hierarchy, matriarchy, patriarchy A matriarchy is a family in which the mother rules. Meaning: kill Examples: Pesticide, Suicide, Homicide I used pesticide to kill the roaches in the house. Meaning: war Examples: Antebellum, Rebellion, Belligerent The antebellum period was very difficult for African Americans personality. Meaning: take Examples: Capacity, Capable, Capture I am capable of running three miles. Meaning: believe Examples: Credit, Incredible, Incredulous accreditation The boys’ explanation was incredulous. Meaning: same Examples: Homogenous, homologous, homogeny, homogenize. We always buy homogenized milk. Meaning: inflammation Examples: Bronchitis, colitis, dermatitis, gastritis. Last week the doctor diagnosed me with bronchitis. Meaning: one hundred Examples: Century, percentile, percentage, centimeter. The royal family ruled England for over a century. Meaning: new Examples: neonatal, neoconservatis, neophyte,. The neonatal nurse cared about all of her patients. Meaning: t0 Examples: Adapt, Admire, Admit, Adequate. I have to adapt to the new system. Meaning: believe Examples: Recede, precede, Intercede Many people pray for God to intercede in their life. Meaning: send Examples: Dismiss, Intermission, Mission Your mission is to sneak into the Chinese Embassy an retrieve the missing documents. Meaning: center Examples: biocentrism, anthropocentric Eccentric, Centrifuge I am a very eccentric individual. Meaning: book Examples: Bibliography, Bibliomaniac, Bibliopegy A bibliomaniac is passionate about collecting and possessing books. Meaning: human Examples: Anthropocentric , Anthropometric Anthropology My favorite class in college was anthropology. Meaning: always Examples: bollard, haggard, arduous, niggard The man appeared haggard after his long day at work. Meaning: look Examples: Perspective, respect, spectacle, spectators. The students showed their teachers respect. Meaning: lead Examples: Abduct, conduct, deduct. The teacher deducted five points from my test after I was caught cheating. Meaning: carry Examples: fertile, defer, infer, transfer We received twenty transfer students at James Martin this week. Meaning: hang Examples: Suspend, pendulum, pendant The woman had a diamond pendant hanging around her neck. List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 Bene- (good/well) Anti- (against) Ab- (away from, down) A- (not, out, without) Mal- (bad, evil) Pre- (before) Re- (again, back) Bio- (life) Auto- (self) Sub- (under) Circum- (around) Bi- (two, twice) Post- (after) De- (down, away) Com- (with, together) Con- (with, together) Non- (not) Equi- (equal) Dis- (away) Extra- (beyond) List 5 List 6 List 7 List 8 Ante- (before) Super- (over) Semi- (half) Tri- (three) Un- (not) Intra- (within) Inter- (between) Mis- (bad) Sym- (together) Syn- (together) Phon- (sound) -ician (specialist) Aqua- (water) Audi- (hear) -cise (cut) Micro -(small) -port (carry) -scrib (write) -logy (science) Dict- (say) List 9 List 10 List 11 List 12 Archy- (government) -cide (kill) -bell (war) Cap- (take) -cred (believe) Homo- (same) -itis (inflammation) Cent- (one hundred) Neo- (new) Ad- (to) -cede (believe) Miss- (send) Centri- (center) Biblio- (book) Anthropo- (man) -ard (always) Spec- (look) -duct (lead) -fer (carry) Pend- (hang) Greek and Latin Roots NEXT 12 LISTS… List 13 List 14 List 15 List 16 Therm- (heat) Geo -(earth) Vis- (to look or see) Ex- (out of) Poly- (many) Uni- (one) Amor- (love) Less- (without) Min- (small) Mono- (one) Aster- (star) Chron- (time) Derm- (skin) Fid- (faith) Psych- (mind) Corp- (body) Dem- (people) Fin- (end) Phob- (fear) -cept (take) List 17 List 18 List 19 List 20 Ann- (year) Chrom- (color) Dent- (tooth) Opt- (see; choose) -rupt (break) -crease (grow) Gam- (marriage) Mega- (great, large) Sol- (sun; alone) Theo- (god) Dom- (rule; home) Helio- (sun) Hydr- (water) Pan- (all) Trans- (across, beyond) Amphi- (around; both) Frater- (brother) Mid- (middle) Socio- (society) Tact- (touch) List 21 List 22 List 23 List 24 Gen- (race; birth; kind) Hemo- (blood) Ped- (foot) Soph- (wise) Vert- (turn) Flex- (bend) Meter- (measure) Pater- (father) -script (write) Ultra- (beyond) Frac- (to break) Spec-, again? -ness (state or condition) Hypo- (not enough) Hyper- (too much) -ism (belief) -tude (condition of) -full (full of) -ll (not) -ous (full of) Meaning: heat Examples: Thermometer, Thermostat, Thermal The nurse used a thermometer to check if the student had a fever Meaning: earth Examples: Geologist, Geometry , Geography We use maps in geography class. Meaning: to see or look Examples: Television, Revise, Invisible, Visualization I watch television every night before I go to bed. Meaning: out of Examples: Export, Exterminate, Excite, Exclude He used a pesticide to exterminate the insects. Meaning: many Examples: Polygraph, polytheism, polygon The murder suspect had to take a polygraph test. Meaning: one Examples: Unicorn, Unicycle, Unit A unicorn appeared near the rainbow. Meaning: love Examples: Amoral, Glamorous Many celebrities are very glamorous. Meaning: without Examples: Ageless, Bottomless Jennifer Lopez is ageless! Meaning: small Examples: Minute, Miniature, Minor, Minimum Minors are under the age of eighteen. Meaning: one Examples: Monolingual, Monologue, Monopoly I am monolingual. Meaning: star Examples: Asteroid, Asterisk, Disaster. The asteroid hit the house. Meaning: time Examples: Synchronize, Chronic, Chronicles The patient has chronic lung cancer. Meaning: skin Examples: Dermatologist, epidermis, taxidermy, dermatitis A dermatologist treats acne. Meaning: faith Examples: Confide, affidavit, Confident The girl was very confident. Meaning: mind Examples: Psychology, Psychograph, Psychometric The patient had to have a psychograph. Meaning: body Examples: Corporation, Corpse, Corps The corpse was removed from the crime scene. Meaning: people Examples: Democratic, Epidemic, Demographic The polio epidemic spread across the country. Meaning: end Examples: Final, Finish, Infinity The students will have a final at the end of the semester. Meaning: fear Examples: Phobia, Monophobia, hydrophobia, homophobia The girl had monophobia. Meaning: take Examples: Concept, except, intercept, acceptable The basketball player intercepted the ball. Meaning: Year Examples: Anniversary, Annual, Biannual My company’s anniversary is on January 1, 2014. Meaning: Color Examples: Polychrome, Monochrome, Chromoscope The purse is monochrome. Meaning: Tooth Examples: Dentist, Denture, Dental I go to the dentist twice a year to get my teeth cleaned. Meaning: See, Choose Examples: Adopt, Optical, optimist The girl was adopted when she was five years old. Meaning: Break Examples: Rupture, bankrupt, disruption The basketball player went bankrupt. Meaning: grow Examples: increase, decrease There are several things you can do to increase your grade. Meaning: marriage Examples: bigamy monogamy, polygamy, The practice of polygamy involves being married to several spouses. Meaning: great; large Examples: megabyte, megawatt, megavolt, megabit There are 700 megabytes in my computer. Meaning: sun; alone Examples: solar, console, Solved The students solved the math problem. Meaning: god Examples: Theology, Theologian , Theocracy The country had a theocracy system of government. Meaning: Rule, Home Examples: Freedom, Boredom, Dominate During the civil rights movement African Americans fought for freedom. Meaning: Sun Examples: Heliocentric, Heliofugal Our solar system is heliocentric. Meaning: Water Example: hydrophobia, dehydrate, hydrate The runner had to go to the hospital because she was dehydrated. Meaning: All Examples: Pandemic, Pan-American, company A pandemic is a contagious, infectious or viral illness that spreads, and may include millions of people in many areas across the globe. Meaning: beyond, across Examples: transform, transfer, translate, transcontinental The first transcontinental railroad was built crossing the western half of America and it was pieced together between 1863 and 1869. It was 1,776 miles long and served for the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States to be connected by rail for the first time in history. Meaning: around, both Examples: Amphibian, Amphitheater A frog is an amphibian. Meaning: Brother Examples: Fraternity, Fraternize My stepdad is in Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Meaning: Middle Examples: Middle, Midterm, Midlife The students had to study for the midterm examination. Meaning: Society Examples: Sociology, associate The students took a sociology class. Meaning: Take Examples: Tactful, Tactile, contact, intact The football players made contact with the ball.