Greek and Latin Roots (1

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Greek and Latin Roots
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Include Stem
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reveals the meaning
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Include Meaning
≥3 Stem Words
(Highlight Stem and Underline reminder of word)
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Sentence
(Highlight Stem and Underline reminder of word)
Meaning:
with, together
Words:
communicate, compress, combine, compatible
combat
Sentence:
The two teachers decided to combine their classes
when they returned from lunch.
Meaning: good, well
Examples:
benefactor, beneficial,
benevolent, benediction,
beneficiary, benefit
The rally was beneficial to all cancer survivors.
Meaning: against , opposite
Examples:
antisocial, antiseptic,
antichrist, antifreeze,
antibiotic, antifungal
The antisocial boy played a game of chess.
Meaning: away , from,
down
Examples:
absent, abduction,
abnormal, abstract,
absorb
The little boy was absent from school.
Meaning: not, out , without
Examples:
atheist, anonymous,
apathy, anemia,
atypical, anesthesia
It was atypical for the man to have money.
Meaning: bad, evil
Examples:
malware, malady,
malevolent, malice,
malfunction,
malignant
There was a malfunction on the computer.
Meaning: before
Examples:
predict, preview
pre-assessment,
predestined,
pre-election
Presumed Guilty is a good book.
Meaning: again, back
Examples:
retreat, revisit,
reassess, reread,
restore, reconsider,
revoke, rebound
The woman observed her reflection.
Meaning: life
Examples:
biology, biometrics,
biome, biosphere
I was asked to study the biological
development of infants.
Meaning: self
Examples:
automobile,
autograph,
automatic
It seems that the body works automatically.
Meaning: under, below,
beneath
Examples:
subway, substitute,
subheading,
submarine,
substandard
The substitute teacher was very serious.
Meaning: around
Examples:
circumstance, circumcise,
circumlocution,
circumscribed,
circumference
The teacher asked us to find the
circumference.
Meaning: two
Examples:
bilingual, bilevel,
biannual,
bicentennial,
bifocals, bipolar
The bilingual boy spoke two languages.
Meaning: after
Examples:
postpartum, postponed,
postgraduate, postdate,
postwar, postscript,
posthumous
Tupac received many posthumous awards.
Meaning: down, out of, away,
undo
Examples:
deport, depress,
deduct, decay,
decline, decode
You have to decode words before you learn
them.
Meaning: with, together
Examples:
combat, combination,
communication,
complement,
committee
Dr. King communicated effectively.
Meaning: with, together
Examples:
connect, conclusive,
concealable, connotation,
contingency, conjunction,
consensus
Conjunctions join two sets of words together.
Meaning: not
Examples:
nonabrasive, non-adaptive,
nonreactive, non-edible,
nonacademic, nonachiever, nontoxic
These demands are nonnegotiable!
Meaning: equal
Examples:
equivalent, equilaterals,
equipollent
The angles are equivalent on the triangle.
Meaning: away
Examples:
disabled, disaccord,
disadvantageous, disclaimer,
discredit, dismay,
discrepancies, disarray
The disclaimer was drafted to protect the
business.
Meaning: beyond
Examples:
extracurricular, extralinquistic,
extraneous,
extraterrestrials, extravert
The extraterrestrial came from outer space!
Meaning: before
Examples:
antebellum, antecedents,
antedate, antemeridiem, anterior
The antecedent usually comes before the
pronoun.
Meaning: over
Examples:
superabundance, superb,
superfluous, superior,
superlatives, supernatural,
superficial, supermodels,
superwoman
The superheroes saved the day!
Meaning: half
Examples:
semiannual, semicircle,
semifinalist, semiconscious,
semiautomatic, semicolon
I had to draw a semicircle in math class.
Meaning: three
Examples:
triad, triangle, tripod,
trilogy, triangular,
triceps, trilateral,
triathlon
The Sharon Draper trilogy is fascinating.
Meaning: not
Examples:
unabated, unabridged,
unable, unaccountable,
undeniable, unaffiliated,
unconstitutional,
undefeated
The door was left unlocked.
Meaning: within
Examples:
intramural, intravenous,
intracellular,
intratextual,
intradepartmental
The fluid was intravenously introduced into
the patient’s body.
Meaning: between
Examples:
interact, interbehavioral,
interbreed, intercede,
intercept, intercity,
intercoastal
After the interception, the game was all but
over.
Meaning: bad
Examples:
misadventure, misaim,
misalignment, misbehave,
miscalculate, miscarriage,
misinterpret, misconstrue
There was an obvious miscalculation made by
the teacher.
Meaning: together
Examples:
symbolize,
symmetrical,
sympathetic,
symphony,
symbiotic
The symphony played with such harmony.
Meaning: together
Examples:
synchronize, synergize,
syndication, synopsis,
synthesis, synagogue,
synthetic, synonymous
Those synchronized swimmers were so
precise.
Meaning: sound
Examples:
phonemic, phonic,
phonology,
microphone, telephone,
phonograph
The telephone was invented by Alexander
Gram Bell.
Meaning: specialist
Examples:
musician, magician,
pediatrician, physician,
mortician, dietician
The magician entertained the crowd for hours.
Meaning: water
Examples:
aquarium, aquamarine,
aquanaut, aquatic,
Aquarius
There were many dangerous fish in the girls’
aquarium.
Meaning: hear
Examples:
audible, auditorium,
audience, audiovisual,
audio, audiofrequency
The acoustics in the auditorium allowed me to
hear every detail.
Meaning: cut
Examples:
circumcise, concise,
exercise, exorcise,
precise
The teacher needed the student to be more
concise in her summary of the chapter.
Meaning: small
Examples:
microbe, microbiology,
microorganism,
microphone,
microscope
I used a microscope to view the organism.
Meaning: carry
Examples:
airport, deport, export,
passport, report,
support, teleport
The United States exports many goods and
services to other countries.
Meaning: write
Examples:
circumscribe, describe,
inscribe, prescribe,
postscribe, subscribe,
transcribe
The pharmacist prescribed medicine for her
patient.
Meaning: science/study of
Examples:
anesthesiology,
anthropology,
archaeology, biology,
ideology, mineralogy
I read my biology textbook to learn some
fascinating things.
Meaning: say
Examples:
dictate, diction,
dictionary, dictator,
A dictionary is necessary if you are unfamiliar
with the meaning of a word.
Meaning: government
Examples:
hierarchy,
matriarchy,
patriarchy
A matriarchy is a family in which the mother
rules.
Meaning: kill
Examples: Pesticide,
Suicide, Homicide
I used pesticide to kill the roaches in the
house.
Meaning: war
Examples:
Antebellum,
Rebellion,
Belligerent
The antebellum period was very difficult for
African Americans personality.
Meaning: take
Examples: Capacity,
Capable, Capture
I am capable of running three miles.
Meaning: believe
Examples: Credit,
Incredible,
Incredulous
accreditation
The boys’ explanation was incredulous.
Meaning: same
Examples:
Homogenous,
homologous,
homogeny,
homogenize.
We always buy homogenized milk.
Meaning: inflammation
Examples: Bronchitis,
colitis, dermatitis,
gastritis.
Last week the doctor diagnosed me with
bronchitis.
Meaning: one hundred
Examples: Century,
percentile,
percentage,
centimeter.
The royal family ruled England for over a
century.
Meaning: new
Examples:
neonatal,
neoconservatis,
neophyte,.
The neonatal nurse cared about all of her
patients.
Meaning: t0
Examples: Adapt,
Admire, Admit,
Adequate.
I have to adapt to the new system.
Meaning: believe
Examples: Recede,
precede, Intercede
Many people pray for God to intercede in
their life.
Meaning: send
Examples:
Dismiss,
Intermission,
Mission
Your mission is to sneak into the Chinese
Embassy an retrieve the missing documents.
Meaning: center
Examples:
biocentrism,
anthropocentric
Eccentric,
Centrifuge
I am a very eccentric individual.
Meaning: book
Examples:
Bibliography,
Bibliomaniac,
Bibliopegy
A bibliomaniac is passionate about collecting
and possessing books.
Meaning: human
Examples:
Anthropocentric ,
Anthropometric
Anthropology
My favorite class in college was anthropology.
Meaning: always
Examples: bollard,
haggard, arduous,
niggard
The man appeared haggard after his long day
at work.
Meaning: look
Examples:
Perspective,
respect, spectacle,
spectators.
The students showed their teachers respect.
Meaning: lead
Examples: Abduct,
conduct, deduct.
The teacher deducted five points from my
test after I was caught cheating.
Meaning: carry
Examples: fertile,
defer, infer, transfer
We received twenty transfer students at
James Martin this week.
Meaning: hang
Examples: Suspend,
pendulum, pendant
The woman had a diamond pendant hanging
around her neck.
List 1
List 2
List 3
List 4
Bene- (good/well)
Anti- (against)
Ab- (away from, down)
A- (not, out, without)
Mal- (bad, evil)
Pre- (before)
Re- (again, back)
Bio- (life)
Auto- (self)
Sub- (under)
Circum- (around)
Bi- (two, twice)
Post- (after)
De- (down, away)
Com- (with,
together)
Con- (with, together)
Non- (not)
Equi- (equal)
Dis- (away)
Extra- (beyond)
List 5
List 6
List 7
List 8
Ante- (before)
Super- (over)
Semi- (half)
Tri- (three)
Un- (not)
Intra- (within)
Inter- (between)
Mis- (bad)
Sym- (together)
Syn- (together)
Phon- (sound)
-ician (specialist)
Aqua- (water)
Audi- (hear)
-cise (cut)
Micro -(small)
-port (carry)
-scrib (write)
-logy (science)
Dict- (say)
List 9
List 10
List 11
List 12
Archy- (government)
-cide (kill)
-bell (war)
Cap- (take)
-cred (believe)
Homo- (same)
-itis (inflammation)
Cent- (one hundred)
Neo- (new)
Ad- (to)
-cede (believe)
Miss- (send)
Centri- (center)
Biblio- (book)
Anthropo- (man)
-ard (always)
Spec- (look)
-duct (lead)
-fer (carry)
Pend- (hang)
Greek and Latin Roots
NEXT 12
LISTS…
List 13
List 14
List 15
List 16
Therm- (heat)
Geo -(earth)
Vis- (to look or see)
Ex- (out of)
Poly- (many)
Uni- (one)
Amor- (love)
Less- (without)
Min- (small)
Mono- (one)
Aster- (star)
Chron- (time)
Derm- (skin)
Fid- (faith)
Psych- (mind)
Corp- (body)
Dem- (people)
Fin- (end)
Phob- (fear)
-cept (take)
List 17
List 18
List 19
List 20
Ann- (year)
Chrom- (color)
Dent- (tooth)
Opt- (see; choose)
-rupt (break)
-crease (grow)
Gam- (marriage)
Mega- (great, large)
Sol- (sun; alone)
Theo- (god)
Dom- (rule; home)
Helio- (sun)
Hydr- (water)
Pan- (all)
Trans- (across,
beyond)
Amphi- (around; both)
Frater- (brother)
Mid- (middle)
Socio- (society)
Tact- (touch)
List 21
List 22
List 23
List 24
Gen- (race; birth; kind)
Hemo- (blood)
Ped- (foot)
Soph- (wise)
Vert- (turn)
Flex- (bend)
Meter- (measure)
Pater- (father)
-script (write)
Ultra- (beyond)
Frac- (to break)
Spec-, again?
-ness (state or
condition)
Hypo- (not enough)
Hyper- (too much)
-ism (belief)
-tude (condition of)
-full (full of)
-ll (not)
-ous (full of)
Meaning: heat
Examples:
Thermometer,
Thermostat,
Thermal
The nurse used a thermometer to check if the
student had a fever
Meaning: earth
Examples: Geologist,
Geometry ,
Geography
We use maps in geography class.
Meaning: to see or look
Examples: Television,
Revise, Invisible,
Visualization
I watch television every night before I go to
bed.
Meaning: out of
Examples: Export,
Exterminate,
Excite, Exclude
He used a pesticide to exterminate the
insects.
Meaning: many
Examples: Polygraph,
polytheism,
polygon
The murder suspect had to take a polygraph
test.
Meaning: one
Examples: Unicorn,
Unicycle, Unit
A unicorn appeared near the rainbow.
Meaning: love
Examples: Amoral,
Glamorous
Many celebrities are very glamorous.
Meaning: without
Examples: Ageless,
Bottomless
Jennifer Lopez is ageless!
Meaning: small
Examples: Minute,
Miniature, Minor,
Minimum
Minors are under the age of eighteen.
Meaning: one
Examples:
Monolingual,
Monologue,
Monopoly
I am monolingual.
Meaning: star
Examples:
Asteroid,
Asterisk,
Disaster.
The asteroid hit the house.
Meaning: time
Examples:
Synchronize,
Chronic,
Chronicles
The patient has chronic lung cancer.
Meaning: skin
Examples:
Dermatologist,
epidermis,
taxidermy,
dermatitis
A dermatologist treats acne.
Meaning: faith
Examples:
Confide,
affidavit,
Confident
The girl was very confident.
Meaning: mind
Examples:
Psychology,
Psychograph,
Psychometric
The patient had to have a psychograph.
Meaning: body
Examples:
Corporation,
Corpse, Corps
The corpse was removed from the crime
scene.
Meaning: people
Examples:
Democratic,
Epidemic,
Demographic
The polio epidemic spread across the country.
Meaning: end
Examples:
Final, Finish,
Infinity
The students will have a final at the end of
the semester.
Meaning: fear
Examples: Phobia,
Monophobia,
hydrophobia,
homophobia
The girl had monophobia.
Meaning: take
Examples:
Concept, except,
intercept,
acceptable
The basketball player intercepted the ball.
Meaning: Year
Examples:
Anniversary,
Annual, Biannual
My company’s anniversary is on January 1,
2014.
Meaning: Color
Examples:
Polychrome,
Monochrome,
Chromoscope
The purse is monochrome.
Meaning: Tooth
Examples: Dentist,
Denture, Dental
I go to the dentist twice a year to get my teeth
cleaned.
Meaning: See, Choose
Examples: Adopt,
Optical, optimist
The girl was adopted when she was five years
old.
Meaning: Break
Examples: Rupture,
bankrupt,
disruption
The basketball player went bankrupt.
Meaning: grow
Examples: increase,
decrease
There are several things you can do to
increase your grade.
Meaning: marriage
Examples: bigamy
monogamy,
polygamy,
The practice of polygamy involves being
married to several spouses.
Meaning: great; large
Examples: megabyte,
megawatt,
megavolt, megabit
There are 700 megabytes in my computer.
Meaning: sun; alone
Examples: solar,
console, Solved
The students solved the math problem.
Meaning: god
Examples: Theology,
Theologian ,
Theocracy
The country had a theocracy system of
government.
Meaning: Rule, Home
Examples: Freedom,
Boredom,
Dominate
During the civil rights movement African
Americans fought for freedom.
Meaning: Sun
Examples:
Heliocentric,
Heliofugal
Our solar system is heliocentric.
Meaning: Water
Example:
hydrophobia,
dehydrate, hydrate
The runner had to go to the hospital because
she was dehydrated.
Meaning: All
Examples: Pandemic,
Pan-American,
company
A pandemic is a contagious, infectious or viral
illness that spreads, and may include millions
of people in many areas across the globe.
Meaning: beyond, across
Examples: transform,
transfer, translate,
transcontinental
The first transcontinental railroad was built crossing the
western half of America and it was pieced together
between 1863 and 1869. It was 1,776 miles long and
served for the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United
States to be connected by rail for the first time in history.
Meaning: around, both
Examples:
Amphibian,
Amphitheater
A frog is an amphibian.
Meaning: Brother
Examples:
Fraternity,
Fraternize
My stepdad is in Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.
Meaning: Middle
Examples: Middle,
Midterm, Midlife
The students had to study for the midterm
examination.
Meaning: Society
Examples: Sociology,
associate
The students took a sociology class.
Meaning: Take
Examples: Tactful,
Tactile, contact,
intact
The football players made contact with the
ball.
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