Culture the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group American Indians Explorers Puritanism An Introduction Look at this photo. Based on their appearance, how would you describe this family? What would they do for fun? What do they value? Puritans move to the Americas Shortly after Charles I succeeded the throne Conflict between Church of England and Puritanism Moved to the US in search of religious freedom Made up a large part of the first 13 colonies Wanted everyone to worship it the Puritan way (irony) Puritan Tenants Edward Taylor Taylor only published two stanzas of his poetry during his lifetime. Given his cultural background, why do you think this is? “Huswifery”—Husband; Wife; Housekeeping The bond between a human being and God. Extended Metaphor A comparison that spans the length of a work (poem, sermon, song, book), without using like or as. What are the many different parts of a printer? When all work together, the printer works in harmony—but if something is jammed or imperfect what happens? REEL Taylor’s Metaphor WHEEL FLYERS SPOOLS DISTAFF QUILLS LOOM Apostrophe When the speaker addresses someone/thing that is not physically present (ie. Dead person), a personified object or an abstract idea (ie. God). Edwards uses apostrophe in his poem. Who/what is he addressing in the first line that would make this an apostrophe? Make Me, O Lord, Thy Spinning Wheel COMPLETE! What is he asking to be? Spinning wheel=machine…complete… Apostrophe!!!!!! Request of God=Prayer Puritan Tenants Puritan Plain Style (pg 10) Short words Direct statements References to ordinary, everyday objects How could you modernize the poem? Give and idea and explain why (ipod; break down how it works & express our cultural values and uses). Background page 100—packet page 11 Edwards is… The audience became… thus is… The goal of the sermon is… Oratory, Persuasion, & Rhetoric, oh my! Oratory Definition: formal public speaking (ex. Sermon; speech) It’s best when… It is persuasive, inspiring listeners to take action It appeals to the emotions I addresses the needs and concerns of its audience It includes expressive and rhythmic language. Persuasion Writing or speech meant to get readers or listeners to think or act in a certain way. Appeals to emotions or reason Offers opinions Urges action Backed up with evidence and support Persuasive Techniques (Ethos) Ethical appeal—do this or be branded as “bad” or “sinful”; I am trustworthy because… (Logos) Logical appeal—rhetorical devices (Pathos) Emotional appeal—imagery: language that appeals to the senses Ethical Appeal Establishing the writer’s validity “I am who I am and that’s all that I am.” Identifying the qualities of a trustworthy individual chief components of a compelling ethos are good will, practical wisdom, and virtue Emotional appeal NEEDS STRONG VERBS for STRONG DESCRIPTIONS of NOUNS and what the DO and ARE. Imagery: figurative language that appeals to the senses: Seeing Smelling Tasting Touching Hearing Imagery The The The salty The sunlight waves spray waves tickled glinted drizzled crashed myon toes through on the the as waves they shore. myslowly gently slightly Sweat dripped down my skin, rolling into parted lipssand rolling with swept zest in over that and them. out. mixed withwith the a the gritty and caking my arms grit of the sand in my teeth. layer of goop. Complete “Using Quotes to Support Statements” on page 11 of your packet True/False Statements using your visual notes and the textbook to help you. Culture the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group American Indians Puritans Explorers How do Puritans force cultural change? “My Way or the Highway” Edwards—preaches to the Natives for the last period of his life after being ostracized from his own church for offending the members with radical beliefs Most of the images in the sermon are of what? Bow vs. Modernized idea Unfavorable images? Tone Shifts How does the tone shift change the over all message? Did people get the message? The Grass Dancer “Christianity Comes to the Sioux” What is the setting? Why is this important? Indirect characterization: the reader must infer character attributes through action, speech, and interaction with other characters Vs. Direct Characterization: the author tells the reader what character attributes exist The Grass Dancer “Christianity Comes to the Sioux” Character Harley Wind Soldier Jeanette McVay Frank Pipe Herod Small War Relationship to others Direct Characterization Indirect Characterization The Grass Dancer “Christianity Comes to the Sioux” This passage has several stories within a main story; this is known as envelope structure. Summarize the main story and then list the other stories that are told within it. List the stories that are factually or realistically based. List the stories that are mythical or opinion based. Which type of story holds more meaning for the students? Explain. Which type of story holds more meaning for the teacher? Explain. What is the purpose of Jeanette’s story telling activity? Is the activity successful? The Grass Dancer “Christianity Comes to the Sioux” What does this passage reveal to you about reservation life in the 1970s? What are the conditions of reservation life? Have they changed since the 1970s? Explain Has reservation life changed? Page 13-14 Why would people of Native American descent fight in the army? Do you agree with the author’s call to “look at our own conditions” in America before fighting a war in other countries? Explain. Review! With your group, your task is to create a 3D representation of the overall theme of our unit. You must justify your figure using at least 2 stories we have read as support. Origin Myths Poetry “A Journey Through Texas”, Press Release: “Native Veterans”, “Proclamation of Alcatraz” (Satire) Sermon “Suite Madame Blue”, “To His Excellency General George Washington”, “Towa”, “Huswifery” Narratives Navajo Origin Myth, “The Earth on Turtle’s Back”, “When Grizzlies Walked Upright” “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” Novel The Grass Dancer Questions about test?