Unit 6 Guide: Foundations of Earth Science The Atmosphere Key Concepts and Questions to Be Able to Explain and Answer: 1. Which gasses compose our atmosphere? Which one is most abundant? 2. What is air pressure? How does air pressure change with altitude? 3. What is the relationship between air temperature and density? Does cold air have a higher or lower density than warm air? 3. What are the 5 layers of our atmosphere? How does the temperature change with altitude in the four lower layers? Draw a profile of the atmosphere and show how the temperature changes within each layer. 4. What is the ozone layer? In which layer of the atmosphere is it found? What agents harm the ozone layer? What are the effects of a thinning ozone layer? 5. In which layer is ozone considered to be a pollutant? What are the negative effects of ozone in this layer? 6. Explain the greenhouse effect. What are the positive aspects of the greenhouse effect on Earth? What are the potential negative consequences of the greenhouse effect on Earth? 7. Draw and label an energy budget for Earth. 8. Compare and contrast conduction, convection, and radiation. Be able to give examples of each. 9. What causes our global winds? How does the Coriolis Effect impact the global winds? 10. Draw a map of Earth and show the name/direction of the global winds at various latitudes. 11. Use a diagram to describe land and sea breezes. Use a diagram to describe mountain and valley breezes. Assessments Quiz Unit 6 Test Formal Lab Report Date: _____________ Date: _____________ Date: _____________ Reading Assignments: Students will be assigned readings from the following pages in the text book. Chapter 15 pages 424-451 Vocabulary atmosphere thermosphere greenhouse effect radiation air pressure troposphere stratosphere mesosphere Doldrums Valley breeze ionosphere exosphere ozone layer chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) jet stream mountain breeze heat temperature conduction convection land breeze Coriolis effect Polar Easterlies Westerlies Trade Winds sea breeze How to Receive up to 5 Bonus Points for Completing the Unit Guide: 1. Type or handwrite an answer to each Unit Objective Question. Unless stated in the question, all answers must be given in complete sentences. 2. Define each of the vocabulary terms. Do not just copy the definition out of the book’s glossary. Use and add on to the definition we developed in class by giving additional information and examples of each word. 3. Attach completed questions and definitions to your Unit Guide and turn it in at the beginning of class on test day. Unit Guides will NOT be accepted late. Incomplete unit guides will also NOT be accepted. You must answer ALL unit objective questions and define ALL terms. 4. Mrs. Froehlich will review your Unit Guide and determine the number of bonus points to be added to your test. Bonus points will be granted based on correctness and completeness of answers and definitions.