20th Century Painting
Read the following quote from 20th century critic, Guillaume
“Authentic Cubism is the art of depicting new wholes with formal
elements borrowed not from the reality of vision, but from that of
conception. This tendency leads to a poetic kind of painting which
stands outside the world of observation; for, even in a simple cubism,
the geometrical surfaces of an object must be opened out in order to
give a complete representation of it… Everyone must agree that a chair,
from whichever side it is viewed, never ceased to have four legs, a seat
and back, and that if it is robbed of one of these elements, it is robbed
of an important part.”
By pulling 3-4 key ideas from this quote, please create your
own definition of cubism.
cylinders, rectangles, & spheres
PAUL CÉZANNE, Mont Sainte-Victoire, 19021904. Oil on canvas, 2'3 1/2" x 2'11 1/4"
“I paint forms as I think
them, not as I see them.”
Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, 1907
Nonwestern, Africa, Koto
Reliquary Figure
Nonwestern, Africa, Picasso's
Grebo Mask
Picasso, Mother and Child, 1907
Analytic Cubism:
• subdued hues – monochrome browns
• dismissal of pictorial illusionism
• using shapes and line (formalism)
• Picasso and Braque
Braque, Fishing Boats, 1909
Picasso, Portrait of Ambroise Vollard, 1910
Braque, Bottle & Fishes, 1910-12
Synthetic Cubism:
• inclusion of collage/ objects
• papier colle – stuck paper
• “Not only did we try to displace reality;
reality was no longer in the object”
Picasso, Still Life w Chair Caning, 1911-12
Constructed paintings and
drawings with objects and shapes
Picasso, The Muse, 1935
Picasso, Guernica, 1937