The Five Themes of Geography

Mr. Womack
Theme 1: Location
 The question where is it refers to location.
 Absolute location refers to the exact place
on earth that a geographic feature, such as a
city, is found.
 Relative location describes a place in
comparison to other places around it.
 What is the absolute and relative location of
T.H. Bell Jr. High?
Home of the Mighty Minutemen!
How do we know location?
 Earth is divided into two equal halves.
 These divisions are called hemispheres.
 The Northern and Southern
hemispheres are divided at the equator.
 The Eastern and Western hemispheres
are divided at the Prime Meridian.
Latitude and Longitude
 To locate places north or south we use a set
of imaginary lines that run parallel to the
 These lines are called latitude. The equator
is the zero-degree line for latitude.
 We also use a set of lines that run east and
west and go up over the poles.
 These lines are called longitude lines. The
Prime Meridian is the zero-degree line for
Relative Location
 Take a minute and talk to your neighbor.
 Tell them where your house is without using
your address.
 Start by telling them what town you live in,
and find out what they are familiar with in
the town.
 Then, describe how to get to your house
from there.
Theme 2: Place
 The question, “What is it like?” refers to the
physical description of a place.
 This would include prominent features of
the area such as:
–large buildings,
-lakes or rivers
-broader description would include regions.
Theme 3: Region
 The question of “How are places similar or
different?” refers to region.
 In making regions areas are unified by
characteristics such as: physical, political,
economic and cultural traits that are shared.
 Formal regions of the world would include:
-The United States and Canada
-Latin America
Theme: Region
 Europe
 Russia and the Republics
 Africa
 Southwest Asia
 South Asia
 East Asia
 Southeast Asia, Oceania,
 Antarctica
Theme 4: Human-Environment
 How do people relate to their physical world?
 I will put some names of places you are familiar with.
Write down the first thing that comes to your mind.
Pine View Reservoir
Downtown Ogden
Washington Terrace
Salt Lake City
Great Salt Lake
Theme 5: Movement
 How do people, goods, and ideas move from
one location to another?
 Linear distance is how far across the earth a
person, idea, or product travels. Ex. Of
barriers would be water and mountains.
 Time distance is the amount of time it takes
for a person, idea, or a product to travel. Ex.
How many minutes does it take to get to
Theme: Movement
Psychological distance: This is
the way that people view
Does somewhere you often go to
seem to take less time to get to
now, then when you were