Eastern/Western Civilization Study Guide

Eastern/Western Civilization
Study Guide
December 16th, 2013
Eastern/Western Civilizations Study
The Silk Road
The Indian Ocean Trade Route
Black Sea
A wide variety of Goods and Products
including Textiles
7. A wide Variety of Goods including Porcelain
and Textiles
8. Improved Transportation and Peace and
9. The Chinese Empire and the Abbasid Empire
10. West Africa, India and Indian Ocean, China
and Persia, The middle East, Europe The Baltic
11. A hard Translucent yellow, Orange or
Brownish yellow fossil resin used for making
jewelry and other ornamental objects.
12. Cultural interaction, economy
13. A type of cloth or woven fabric
14. Technology
15. Wheat, Rice and Sugar Cane
16. a large wheel driven by flowing water, used to
work machinery or to raise water to a higher level.
17. a building with sails or vanes that turn in the
wind and generate power to grind grain into flour.
18. The labor-saving advantages of mills
transformed Europe, leading to an explosion in
European population, the return of towns and
cities, the reemergence of trades and guilds, and
the invention of new forms of automation
19. a triangular sail on a long yard at an angle of 45° to the
20. It came from the Indian Ocean Region
21. Buddhism, Korea and Japan
22. Hinduism and Buddhism and Southeast Asia
• 23. Monotheism
• Allah, Arabic word for God
• Quran (Koran) The word of God
– Written only in Arabic
• Acceptance of Judeo-Christian Prophets
– Abraham, Moses, and Jesus
• Five Pillars of Islam, from middle east to west Africa and
Central and Southeast Asia
24. Printing and Paper Money
25. A mountainous Archipelago with four main islands
26. China and Korea
27. Pictographic Writing, Architecture and Confucianism
and Buddhism
• 28. Contributed to the social order in China
• Belief that humans are good, not bad
• Respect for elders
• Code of politeness, still used in China today
• Emphasis on education
• Ancestor worship
• 29. Shinto is unique to Japan and was the
early state religion and coexistence with
– It was often associated with the Imperial
family and worshipped the emperor
• The religion has no holy book, but
emphasizes ritual cleanliness and many
ceremonies in daily life
• 30. Important aspects of Shinto include:
– Shrines at natural geographic locations
– Worshipping forces of nature
– Loyalty to family and praying to ancestors
31. The emperor
32. Buddhism
33. Africa
34. A Christian Kingdom
35. Meaning stone house served as a Political and
religious center of the Kingdom
36. Gold and salt
37. Limited arable land
• 38. Pericles and Pericles extended democracy; most
• adult males had an equal voice.
• Pericles had Athens rebuilt after
• destruction in the Persian Wars; the
• Parthenon is an example of this
• reconstruction.
• 39. Blend of Greek and oriental elements
• Spread of Hellenistic culture through
• Trade
• 40. Created a civil service
Developed a uniform rule of law
41. Constantine
42. Art and architecture: Pantheon,
Colosseum, Forum
􀁸 Technology: Roads, aqueducts,
Roman arches
􀁸 Science: Achievements of Ptolemy
􀁸 Medicine: Emphasis on public health
(public baths, public water systems,
medical schools)
􀁸 Language: Latin, Romance
􀁸 Literature: Virgil’s Aeneid
􀁸 Religion: Roman mythology;
adoption of Christianity as the
imperial religion
􀁸 Law: The principle of “innocent until
proven guilty” (from the Twelve
43. Representative democracy
􀁸 Assemblies
􀁸 The Senate
􀁸 Consuls
􀁸 Laws of Rome codified as Twelve