Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism Notes Buddhism • • • • • • • Prince, Siddhartha, was born Father wanted him to be a business man Dad sheltered Sid from suffering One day Sid went for a carriage ride Saw an old man Saw a sick man Saw a dead man Story of Buddha continued.. • • • • • • Realized there was a lot of pain the world Pain is inescapable Left castle and meditated Ate a grain of rice a day Almost died Realized that all the suffering is caused by suffering. • To find the meaning of life you have to give up all desires. (current) Dalai Lama Buddhism Notes • • • • Dalai Lama is leader of Buddhism Basic belief: wants and desires cause suffering e.g.: Money, power, fame, love are all traps Need to stop wanting and you will find happiness. • 1950: Chinese conquered region of Tibet • Buddhist beliefs influenced Southeast Asia (e.g. India, China, Japan…) Taoism (Daoism) notes • • • • Live your life in harmony with nature Principle: Live in the moment (like a dog) Yin Yang: The Balance of life Popular in Southeast Asia Symbol of Yin Yang South Korea Flag Some famous Taoist Proverbs • “When you are content to simply be yourself and don’t compare or compete, everybody will respect you.” • “Care about people’s approval and you will be their prisoner.” Confucianism Notes • • • • • • No god – an approach to living life Popular in Southeast Asia Developed by Confucius (Kong Fuzi) Emphasizes order and respect E.g. children respect their parents Community is more important than any one person.