AP World History Mr. M. Moynihan Directions – Read chapter #9. Be prepared to identify and discuss the following people, terms and events from the chapter. In addition are study questions that need to be outlined in bullet format. DO NOT copy information from the text word for word; rather, read and process the information before responding to these prompts in your own words. Hot Seat – 11/27/13 (p.1) 12/02/13 (p.6) Chapter 9 KEY TERMS: 1. Hinduism 2. castes 3. brahmin (BRAH-min) 4. kshatriya (kshuh-TREE-yuh) 5. vaishya (VIESH-yuh) 6. shudra (SHOOD-ruh) 7. Brahmanas (brah-MAWN-ahs) 8. Upanishads (oo-PAWN-ish-awds) 9. atman (AHT-muhn) 10. dharma (DAR-muh) 11. karma (KAR-muh) 12. the Buddha 13. Siddhartha Gautama (sid-DAR-thuh goTAHM-uh) 14. mudra 15. the Four Noble Truths 16. nirvana (near-VAHN-uh) 17. sangha (SAHN-guh) 18. stupa (STOO-puh) 19. Theravada (there-uh-VAH-duh) 20. Mahayana (mah-huh-YAH-nuh) 21. bodhisattva (boe-dih-SUT-vuh) 22. Jainism (JINE-iz-uhm) 23. Mahavira (ma-hah-VEER-uh) 24. Shinto (SHIN-toe) 25. kami (KAM-ee) 26. Shotoku Taishi (show-TOE-koo tie-EESH-ee) 27. mantra 28. mandala 29. syllabary Chapter 9: QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION OR ESSAYS 1. What are the strengths of separating out religious material from political and social events for study? What are the weaknesses? 2. Why is Buddhism a universal religion? 3. How important is the role of a religious founder in giving shape to a religion? Compare the case of Hinduism to the problems that arose in Buddhism, as followers tried to interpret the Buddha’s message. 4. Throughout history there has been a close interaction between religion and politics. Why would rulers sponsor a missionary religion like Buddhism? 5. Why would Hindu rulers support brahmins? 6. Compare the cases of Hinduism and Buddhism to at least one culture from an earlier chapter.