Science and technology wk 3

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CEDA 313
TEACHING SCIENCE
THE NATURE OF
SCIENCE
WEEK 3
Science vs. Technology
Product vs. Process
HEATHER BURRIS-THOMAS
[email protected]
SCIENCE: PRODUCT OR PROCESS?
science
is seeking knowledge about
the world around us. The word
science comes from the Latin-to
know
technology
is the use of science to do
things better.
SCIENCE: PRODUCT OR PROCESS?
 science
is both process as well as product.
 the processes of science helps in arriving at
the product of science
 this in turn may lead to the process of
science.
 law, principle, theory are products of
science
 observation, measurement, prediction,
estimation, communication are the process
of science
SCIENCE: PRODUCT OR PROCESS?
 So
science is not just the information
presented (the product)

but also the way in which that
information has been collected (the
process).
SCIENCE: PRODUCT OR PROCESS?
 While
scientific knowledge should be
testable and falsifiable, the way in which
such information has been gathered is also
important.
 Science
should be unbiased and
experiments should be repeatable by
different individuals.
TECHNOLOGY: PRODUCT OR PROCESS?
 Technology
is the product.
 Process technology deal with :
 Design system, development system,
testing system, operating system,
maintenance system.
 Performance evaluation system, customer
service system, retirement system,
placement system etc.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
 Science
and technology is the best thing
society could ever ask for.
 Since the industrial revolution in the
18th century science has been in
progress.
 Some sectors that have been boosted by
science and technology are energy,
physical sciences, information and
communication.
 The society has greatly gained with the
invention of technology.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
 Infrastructure
in the society has grown with
the help of science and technology.
 Modes of transport like electronic railway
lines were realized and these actually
benefited the society by offering them a better
means of transport.
 In the past, almost everything was analogue
but thanks to the science and technology we
are now being digitalized by the day.
 The invention of the telephone and radio
services has broadened human
communication.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
 Without
society then there would be no
science and technology and that is why the
invention of certain tools and equipment
have helped achieve big things.
 Society can not do without the industries
we have today.
 The society needs science and technology.
 The creation of computers is work of art by
individuals was a milestone that would
come a long way in helping the society.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
A
computer helps us to leverage ourselves
by gaining valuable information that we
can use to enrich our lives.
 The impact of science and technology can
seriously be recognized.
 Many people around the world take for
example scholars in colleges and
universities have taken the lead examining
the relationship between science and
technology.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
The
evaluation of this relationship
has emerged as an important area of
research.
Public interest groups and academic
organizations throughout the world
are recognizing the importance of
STS.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
The reason is that people need to recognize that there
are people who are affected by the science and
technology.
 Controversies such as modified foods, stem cell
research are the issues that have brought policy
makers and scientists together to have a way forward
on this.

SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
 Science
and technology has actually largely
contributed to the vision of man about
himself.
 Science has modified the opinion about the
origin of man and place of origin too.
 Through the results of scientific discoveries
the perception of man about his behaviour
and his place of origin has been modified
diversely.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
 Experiments
in science today are in one
way or another affecting the society. Take
for example the experiment on cloning a
human being.
 The experiment brought a lot of
controversy since the society was sceptical
about it.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
How
science and technology related to
society is:
The developing world has a long
tradition of participatory action
research, popular education and
community organization joining up to
solve some science and technology
issues that affect the society.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
 How
science and technology is related to
the society is something that is calling even
for the government intervention.
 Science and technology related issues are
actually been discussed worldwide today.
 Progress in this has resulted to the ability
to produce diverse types of material items.
 Answering the question how science and
technology is related to society.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY

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