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Domination by one country
over another country’s
political, economic, and
cultural life.
Industrial Revolution
and Imperialism
 Industrialized countries needed raw
materials such as cotton, coal, iron,
oil, copper, and rubber
 They also needed foreign markets
so they could compete with other
industrialized nations to sell the
most factory goods (more $$$)
Industrial Revolution
and Imperialism
 Entrepreneurs realized there
were big profits to be made
 Created factories where there
were none
 Industrialized nations wanted to
control other regions/countries
to protect this type of investment
• What continent do
you think this person is
• What is he standing
• HOW is he standing
on it – what does that
• What is he wearing /
• What do you
suppose the strings
England (Britain) had the most colonies and was
the leading Imperial Power
 Egypt AND
many (other)
African Nations
(South Spain)
The Imperial Powers
(Colonizing Countries)
European states such as
England, France, Spain,
Belgium, Germany, Italy,
the Netherlands (Dutch)
and Portugal
The Imperialized
(Colonized regions)
Americas, Asia, Africa, and
Southeast Asia.
Imperial Powers
 Western European Countries grew
stronger than nations in Eastern Europe.
 They had strong economies (industry),
organized government, and powerful
 Older civilizations declined in power
 Middle East, India, Asia, Africa
 This created an opportunity for European
nations (and the United States, Japan and
Russia) to control them.
What about the
indigenous people?
 Indigenous (native populations)
fought invaders with little or no
 Colonies attempted to strengthen
or reform their own traditions
 Growth of Nationalist movements
to expel (get rid of) foreign
On your own sheet of
paper, title it:
“Ch. 11 Sec. 1 Review”
 You have two days to Read p. 339-344.
 Answer #1 - 8 (Sect. 1 Assessment p. 344)
 in complete sentences
 write the question then answer in short answer)