Handout 7A-2

Unit 7Cognition
7A Memory
Handout 7A-2: Storage (pg. 265-74)
1. What did George Sperling’s experiment reveal? Use
the words sensory memory, iconic memory & echoic
memory in your response.
2. What is the capacity and duration of short-term (working) memory (STM)? What is the capacity & duration
of long-term memory (LTM)?
3. How do we process memories? In other words, from a biological perspective, what is actually happeneing in
the brain when we have a memory? Where are memories stored? (pg. 268)
4. Summarize the importance of the work of Kandel & Schwartz with the sea slug Aplysia as it relates to
memory processing (pg. 269)
5. Explain the meaning of and list the support for long-term potentiation (LTP) as a physical basis for memory
(“memory trace”). Provide an example of how this process may be disrupted.
6. How does the amygdala play a role in memory processing?
Types of long-term memories
(with conscious recall)
(without conscious recall)
Processed in
Processed in
8. Explain how the hippocampus functions in the encoding of explicit memories.
9. Describe the role that sleep plays in memory consolidation. (pg. 273)
10. Apply your knowledge of classical conditioning to the situation in which a patient becomes afraid of a tack.
Indentify the US, UR, NS, CS, CR
11. Discuss how the cerebellum plays a role in memory processing.
12.Briefly explain infantile amnesia.
13. What is a “flashbulb memory?” Are they implicit or explicit?