Encoding Practice

Psych 2
Name: _________________________
Encoding Practice
1.Encoding experiences that are consistent with one’s current mood is referred to as the __________
__________ __________.
2. Human memory can perform three tasks: __________, __________ and __________.
3. Without the ability to __________ information, our sensory memory would constantly be
4. Creating a memory of something that never happened is called a __________ __________.
5. Encoding that does not require conscious attention or effort is called __________ __________.
6. Some processing requires effort at first, but with __________ and __________ it becomes
7. When people go around a circle reading words, their poorest memories are for the words said right
before theirs. This phenomenon is called the __________-__________-__________ effect.
8. Memory studies also reveal that distributed rehearsal is more effective for retention; this is called
the __________ __________.
9. The tendency to remember the first and last items in a list best is called the __________
__________ __________.
10. Memory may be aided by grouping information into meaningful units called __________.
11. Fill in the blank tests are to __________ as multiple choice test is to __________.
12. Our tendency to recall the high points of pleasurable events such as family vacations illustrates
the phenomenon of __________ __________.
13. Our excellent recall of information that relates to ourselves is called the __________-__________
14. Using a jingle, such as; 7-7-3, 2-0-2….LUNA, is an example of a __________ __________.
15. With novel information, conscious repetition, or __________ boosts memory.
16. Stimuli from the environment are first processed in our __________ memory.
17. Our short-term memory capacity is about __________ chunks of information.
18. Short-term memory for random __________ (digits/letters) is slightly better than for random
19. In contrast to short-term memory-the capacity of long-term memory is essentially __________.
20. Studies of people who have lost their memory suggest that there __________ (is/is not) a single
unified system of memory.
21. The hippocampus seems to function as a zone where the brain __________
(temporarily/permanently) stores the elements of a memory.
22. The cerebellum is important in the processing of __________ memories.
23. Studies have shown that retention is best when learning and testing are done in (the
same/different) contexts.
24. Without the ability to __________, we would constantly be overwhelmed by information.
25. Short term stress ______________ (helps/inhibits) to formation of flashbulb memories.