Monday, October 22 Copy the notes into your relay section Oral Tradition is literature passed down by word of mouth from one generation to the next. Themes in Oral Tradition: • Courage and bravery • Power over nature • Quick thinking to solve a problem • Superhuman strength and achievements • Exaggerated accomplishments Wednesday, October 24 Characteristics of Oral Tradition: didactic – meant to instruct or inform; teach lessons cultural – same story can vary from one culture to the next short – easy to remember and share mnemonic – have a rhythm, pattern, or predictability that makes them easy to remember Thursday, October 25 Copy the notes into your relay section • Folklore is the beliefs, customs, stories, songs, and dances of a culture; an oral tradition based on the lives of common people. • Folktales are anonymous, traditional stories passed down orally before they are written down. Folktales are based on folklore. Monday, October 29 Types of Oral Tradition: Myth – traditional story of anonymous origin that explains the beliefs and practices of people Legends – traditional story believed to be based on history. Tall Tales – imaginative tales of the adventures and amazing feats of North American folk heroes October 30, Tuesday Urban Legends – a modern story whose author is unknown that involves incidents of the recent past, is told as true, is plausible enough to be believed, that is framed as a cautionary tale Elements of urban legends are: Narrative (story) that varies in the telling Alleged to be true and seems believable Unproven Unknown origin attributed to trustworthy secondhand sources Thursday, November 1st Folk Ballad – short narrative song or poem that tells of an exciting or dramatic episode. Trickster Tales – folktale that features a character who outsmarts everyone else in the story. The trickster is usually the “underdog” who uses skill and cunning to outwit a superior. Tricksters are usually animals. Fairy Tales – a magical tale of legendary deeds and creatures. Cumulative Tales – stories that are “added upon” as the telling unfolds. Friday, November 2 Think about your favorite fairy tale character. How old is it? What makes fairy tales universal and ageless (timeless)? Write your answer in essay form. Monday, November 5 Use your relay notes to answer: What is a traditional story that is believed to be based on history called? What does hyperbole mean? What are 3 characteristics of oral traditions? The Giver (page 157) “A year ago,” Jonas reminded him,” when I had just become a Twelve, when I began to see the first color, you told me that the beginning had been different for you. But that I wouldn’t understand.” The Giver brightened. “That’s true. And do you know, Jonas, that with all your knowledge now, with all your memories, with all you’ve learned—still you won’t understand? Because I’ve been a little selfish. I haven’t given any of it to you. I wanted to keep if or myself to the last.” “Keep what?” “When I was just a boy, younger than you, it began to come to me. But it wasn’t the seeing-beyond for me. It was different. Fro me, it was hearing-beyond.” Jonas frowned, trying to figure that out. “What did you hear?” he asked. “Music,” The Giver said, smiling.