Monday, October 29 Types of Oral Tradition

Monday, October 22
Copy the notes into your relay section
Oral Tradition is literature passed down by
word of mouth from one generation to the next.
Themes in Oral Tradition:
• Courage and bravery
• Power over nature
• Quick thinking to solve a problem
• Superhuman strength and achievements
• Exaggerated accomplishments
Wednesday, October 24
Characteristics of Oral Tradition:
didactic – meant to instruct or inform; teach
cultural – same story can vary from one culture to
the next
short – easy to remember and share
mnemonic – have a rhythm, pattern, or
predictability that makes them easy to remember
Thursday, October 25
Copy the notes into your relay section
• Folklore is the beliefs, customs, stories, songs,
and dances of a culture; an oral tradition based
on the lives of common people.
• Folktales are anonymous, traditional stories
passed down orally before they are written
down. Folktales are based on folklore.
Monday, October 29
Types of Oral Tradition:
Myth – traditional story of anonymous origin that explains
the beliefs and practices of people
Legends – traditional story believed to be based on
Tall Tales – imaginative tales of the adventures and
amazing feats of North American folk heroes
October 30, Tuesday
Urban Legends – a modern story whose author
is unknown that involves incidents of the
recent past, is told as true, is plausible enough
to be believed, that is framed as a cautionary
Elements of urban legends are:
Narrative (story) that varies in the telling
Alleged to be true and seems believable
Unknown origin attributed to trustworthy
secondhand sources
Thursday, November 1st
Folk Ballad – short narrative song or poem that tells of an
exciting or dramatic episode.
Trickster Tales – folktale that features a character who
outsmarts everyone else in the story. The trickster is
usually the “underdog” who uses skill and cunning to
outwit a superior. Tricksters are usually animals.
Fairy Tales – a magical tale of legendary deeds and
Cumulative Tales – stories that are “added upon” as the
telling unfolds.
Friday, November 2
Think about your favorite fairy tale character.
How old is it? What makes fairy tales universal
and ageless (timeless)? Write your answer in
essay form.
Monday, November 5
Use your relay notes to answer:
What is a traditional story that is believed to be
based on history called?
What does hyperbole mean?
What are 3 characteristics of oral traditions?
The Giver (page 157)
“A year ago,” Jonas reminded him,” when I had just
become a Twelve, when I began to see the first color, you
told me that the beginning had been different for you. But
that I wouldn’t understand.”
The Giver brightened. “That’s true. And do you
know, Jonas, that with all your knowledge now, with all
your memories, with all you’ve learned—still you won’t
understand? Because I’ve been a little selfish. I haven’t
given any of it to you. I wanted to keep if or myself to the
“Keep what?”
“When I was just a boy, younger than you, it began
to come to me. But it wasn’t the seeing-beyond for me. It
was different. Fro me, it was hearing-beyond.”
Jonas frowned, trying to figure that out. “What did
you hear?” he asked.
“Music,” The Giver said, smiling.