World History - Sarasota Military Academy

Have out your bell work paper and
World War I packets.
Bell Work Week 18: Thursday 05.21.15
 Respond to the following in the space for Thursday on your bell
work paper.
 Tell me at least 4 things you have learned about World War I so far
this week.
Essential Question
What caused World War I, how was it fought and what
effect did it have on world events?
Topical Questions
• What
events led to the end of the war?
• What
issues were faced by the delegates to the Paris
Peace Conference?
• Why
were many people dissatisfied with the Treaty of
Versailles and other peace settlements?
The Sinking
of the Lusitania
The Zimmerman Telegram
11 a.m., November 11, 1918
The Armistice is Signed!
9,000,000+ Dead
Peace Process
The Big Four
1. Woodrow Wilson
3. Georges Clemenceau France
2. David Lloyd-George Great
4. Vittorio Orlando Italy
Negotiations for Peace
 Allies Meet at Versailles
 Wilson had a plan for peace called the 14 Points
– 1. End of secret treaties
– 2.Freedom of the seas
– 3. Free trade
-- 4. Reduced armies and navies
– 5. Colonial rights (for colonies)
– 6.-13.New borders (new nations)
– 14. Idea for the League of Nations
 League of Nations
A Harsh Peace
 Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919 (five
years to the day after the assassination of Archduke Franz
The Terms
 The Treaty:
– Germany lost territory in Europe, Africa and Asia (to new nations
and to the Allies/France)
– Germany had severe restrictions placed on its military operations.
(limited size of army and navy, no air force, and no purchasing
– Article 231 (of the Treaty) aka “War Guilt” clause- placed sole
responsibility for the war on Germany’s shoulders.
– Finally, Germany forced to pay $33 billion in war reparations to
the Allies, over 30 years.
• This completely destroyed Germany’s economy and helped
lead them into a Great Depression.
The Legacy of the WWI
 Germany was bitter, since it was blamed for the entire war, and had
to pay reparations.
 Colonialism continued, despite discussion of giving colonies some
independence or self-determination.
 League of Nations (which US did not join) was powerless to take
any actions to prevent war.
 10+ million dead, 30 million in casualties (wounded and dead)
Legacy (cont.)
 Entire generation of Europeans wiped out. (16-28 year
 Economic cost for the Great War = $338 billion.
 Economic depression that followed, allowed fascist
regimes to take over some countries.
 Work on your World War I packets
 We will begin WAR HORSE today.