Target 8 Symbiosis Parasitism Parasite Host Commensalism Mutualism (Just in case you didn’t write them down, they are on pages R71, R79, R80, and R85. Host is not in the textbook. I can also turn back slides.) An interaction between individuals from two species that live closely together. Parasitism Commensalism Mutualism A relationship between two species in which one species benefits while the species it depends on, its host, is harmed. Parasites are often microorganisms. Ex. Tapeworms feed off of nutrients from its host, while the host is deprived of nutrients and gets sick. Tapeworm Isn’t it GROSS? A relationship between two species in which one species benefits while the other is not affected. Commensalism is common in oceans. Ex. Fish swim under jellyfish for protection. Nothing happens to the jellyfish. Fish Aren’t they COLORFUL? An interaction between two species that benefits both. Mutualism can be necessary for survival. Ex. Protozoans (a type of microorganism) break down wood that the termites can’t digest and get a safe place to live. Termite damage That tree has a serious INFESTATION problem.