Honors American History Looking at the previous class, compare/contrast the view points of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B DuBois. Progressivism ◦ This was a loosely organized political movement comprised of many different ideals and calls for reform. Middle-class educated Defenders of urbanization and industrialization Faith in new technology Temperance ◦ This is the idea that the consumption and production of alcohol should be limited or banned. Women’s Christian Temperance Movement◦ This group originally pushed the ideals of temperance. The eventually pushed for complete prohibition laws. Their push for these prohibition laws eventually lead to the passage of the 18th amendment. Suffrage- ◦ Suffrage is the right to vote The national American Woman Suffrage Association. ◦ This group fought for Woman’s suffrage At first their efforts were unsuccessful, but by the end of 1912 women had voting rights in Washington, Oregon, California, Arizona, and Kansas. Alice Paul, a social worker, wanted to use protests to try and force newly elected Woodrow Wilson into supporting a suffrage amendment. ◦ He did not support an amendment, but did support state voting rights. 19th amendment ◦ In June of 1919, the 19th amendment was passed by Congress after the previous years battle with antisuffrage Senators. ◦ Then on August 26th, 1920 three-fourths of the states voted to ratify the 19th amendment. This amendment finally gave women the right to vote on a national level. In the year 1900, 1.7 million children under the age of 16 were working in factories. ◦ John Spargo a “muckraker”, looked at some of the horrors of child labor. Spargo showed instances where: Children were paid 60 cents for a 10 hour days worth of work. Children's hands and backs were permanently crippled. These results lead to laws limiting working hours for children, minimum working ages, and some states passed compulsory education laws. Lead by Robert La Follette, Governor of Wisconsin, the Progressives pushed for reform in government. One of those reforms was: ◦ A direct primary- A system of candidacy where all party members could for a candidate in the general election. Progressives in other states also pushed for reforms such as: ◦ The initative- Allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation that required a vote by the legislature. ◦ The Referendum- Allowed proposed legislation to be submitted to the voters for approval. ◦ The Recall- Allowed voters to demand a special election to remove an elected official from office before their term had expired.