The Rise of Progressivism

Honors American History
Looking at the previous class,
compare/contrast the view points of Booker
T. Washington and W.E.B DuBois.
◦ This was a loosely organized political movement
comprised of many different ideals and calls for
 Middle-class educated
 Defenders of urbanization and industrialization
 Faith in new technology
◦ This is the idea that the consumption and
production of alcohol should be limited or banned.
Women’s Christian Temperance Movement◦ This group originally pushed the ideals of
 The eventually pushed for complete prohibition laws.
 Their push for these prohibition laws eventually lead to
the passage of the 18th amendment.
◦ Suffrage is the right to vote
The national American Woman Suffrage
◦ This group fought for Woman’s suffrage
 At first their efforts were unsuccessful, but by the end of
1912 women had voting rights in Washington, Oregon,
California, Arizona, and Kansas.
Alice Paul, a social worker, wanted to use
protests to try and force newly elected Woodrow
Wilson into supporting a suffrage amendment.
◦ He did not support an amendment, but did support state
voting rights.
19th amendment
◦ In June of 1919, the 19th amendment was passed by
Congress after the previous years battle with antisuffrage Senators.
◦ Then on August 26th, 1920 three-fourths of the
states voted to ratify the 19th amendment.
This amendment finally gave women the right
to vote on a national level.
In the year 1900, 1.7 million children under
the age of 16 were working in factories.
◦ John Spargo a “muckraker”, looked at some of the
horrors of child labor. Spargo showed instances
 Children were paid 60 cents for a 10 hour days worth of
 Children's hands and backs were permanently crippled.
These results lead to laws limiting working
hours for children, minimum working ages,
and some states passed compulsory
education laws.
Lead by Robert La Follette, Governor of Wisconsin, the
Progressives pushed for reform in government. One of
those reforms was:
◦ A direct primary-
 A system of candidacy where all party members could for a candidate in
the general election.
Progressives in other states also pushed for reforms such
◦ The initative-
 Allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation that required a vote
by the legislature.
◦ The Referendum-
 Allowed proposed legislation to be submitted to the voters for approval.
◦ The Recall-
 Allowed voters to demand a special election to remove an elected
official from office before their term had expired.