Review of Specialized Cells in Plants and Animal Cells

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SNC2D
Question 1:
 What is the definition of “regeneration”?
 Regeneration is the process whereby a body part is
replaced or regrown
Question 2:
 Which parts of the human body have the ability to
regenerate?
 Liver and fingernails
 Fingertips only in young children
Question 3:
 Which parts of the human body have been grown on a
scaffold (similar to petri dish) for patients who have
needed these new parts?
 Bladder
 Blood vessels
 Heart valves
Question 4:
 What is the definition of “cell specialization”?
 Cells will develop in different ways to perform
particular functions for our bodies
Question 5:
 What is the term for an unspecialized cell?
 Stem cell
 Where can these unspecialized cells be found?
 In an embryo
 There are also stem cells found in adult bodies
Question 6:
 What does differentiation mean?
 Cells look different from one another and
perform different functions
Question 7:
 What does most adult stem cells used for?
 Replacing damaged tissue in the skin and blood
Question 8:
 Which diseases have used stem cell research to help
treat it?
 Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer's disease, heart
disease or stroke, diabetes and arthritis
Question 9:
 What is the definition of “tissues”?
 Groups of cells that function together to
perform specialized tasks
Question 10:
 What is the purpose of white blood cells?
 Protect the body from bacteria and viruses and
fight infection.
Question 11:
 What are the 3 types of muscle tissues?
 Skeletal
 Smooth
 Cardiac
Question 12:
T
F
Skeletal muscles are involuntary
 FALSE – smooth and cardiac muscles are
involuntary
Question 13:
 Fill in the missing information
 Epithelial
Tissue
Question 14:
 Fill in the missing information
Question 15:
 Fill in the missing information
Question 16:
 Fill in the missing information
Question 17:
 What are the four types of plant tissues?
 Epidermal tissue, vascular tissue, ground
tissue, and meristematic tissue
Question 18:
 What is the purpose of the vascular tissue called
xylem in plants?
 Responsible for the movement of water and
minerals from the roots up the stem to the
leaves
Question 19:
 What is the purpose of the vascular tissue called
phloem in plants?
 Transports the sugar produced during
photosynthesis from the leaves to other parts of
the plant
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