Classification of Tissues

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Classification of Tissues
Name:___________________________
1. Define a tissue__________________________________________________________________
2. The study of tissue is known as ________________________
Use the key choices to identify the major tissue types described below
a. Connective tissue
b. epithelium c. muscle
d. nervous
_________________1. Lines body cavities and covers the body’s external surface
_________________2. Pumps bloods, flushes urine out of body, allows on to swing a bat
_________________3. Transmits electrochemical impulses
_________________4. Anchors, packages, and supports body organs
_________________5. Cells may absorb, secret, and protect
_________________6. Most involved in regulating and controlling body functions
_________________7. Major function is to contract
_________________8. Synthesizes hormones
_________________9. The most durable tissue type
_________________10. Abundant nonliving extracellular matrix
_________________11. Most widespread tissue in the body
_________________12. Forms nerves and the brain
3. Describe the general characteristics of epithelial tissue?
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
4. On what bases are epithelial tissues classified________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
5. What are the major functions of epithelium in the body? _______________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
6. What are goblet cells? ___________________________________________________________
7. Transitional epithelium is actually stratified squamous epithelium, but there is something special
about it. How does it differ structurally from other stratified squamous epethilia? ___________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
Respond to the following with the key choices
a. Pseudostratified columnar
b. Simple columnar
c. simple cuboidal
d. simple squamous
e. stratified squamous
f. transitional
_________________1. Lining of esophagus
_________________2. Lining of stomach
________________3. Lung tissue, alveolar sacs
________________4. Tubules of kidney
_______________5. Epidermis of skin
_______________6. Lining of bladder
_______________7. Forms thin serous membranes, single layer of flattened.
8. What are the general characteristics of connective tissue?_______________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
9. What functions are performed by connective tissue? ___________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Using the key, choose the best response to identify the connective tissues described.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Adipose
Loose
Dense
Elastic cartilage
e. fibrocartilage
f. Blood
g. hyaline cartilage
h. bone
_______________1. attaches bones to bones and muscles to bones
_______________2. Acts as a storage depot for fat
_______________3. Fluid matrix, containing platelets
_______________4. Makes up the intervertebral discs
_______________5. Forms your hip bone
_______________6. Composes basement membrane, which is beneath skin/epithelium tissue
________________8. Provides flexible framework for external ear
________________10. Matrix hardened do to calcium salts, provides levers for muscles to act on
________________11. Insulates against heat loss
10. List the 3 types of connective tissue cells and describe each
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
What are major bone cells called_______________________
What are cartilage cells called __________________________
What are fat cells called ________________________
What are the 3 types of fibers that make up connective tissue, describe each.
What are the 3 types of membranes made by epithelial tissue? Describe each
16. What membrane is made up of connective tissue?_________________________.
17. Describe each type of muscle:
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
18. List the general characteristics of nervous tissue? ______________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
19. Distinguish between neurons and neuroglial cells? ____________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
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