What though, for showing truth to flattered state,
Kind Hunt was shut in prison, yet has he,
In his immortal spirit, been as free
As the sky-searching lark, and as elate.
Minion of grandeur! think you he did wait?
Think you he nought but prison-walls did see,
Till, so unwilling, thou unturnedst the key?
Ah, no! far happier, nobler was his fate!
In Spenser's halls he strayed, and bowers fair,
Culling enchanted flowers; and he flew
With daring Milton through the fields of air:
To regions of his own his genius true
Took happy flights. Who shall his fame impair
When thou art dead, and all thy wretched crew?
• A fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written
in rhymed iambic pentameter.
• Two types—English (or Shakespearean)
and Italian (or Petrarchan)
• English consists of three quatrains and a
• Italian consists of an octave and a sestet.
• A three-line verse form.
• The 1st and 3rd line of the haiku
each have 5 syllables.
• The 2nd line has seven syllables.
• A haiku seeks to convey a single
vivid emotion by means of images
of nature.
• Poetry written in unrhymed
iambic pentameter
• Popular verse form—widely
used by Shakespeare.
•Poetry not written in a
regular rhythmical pattern,
or meter
•it is the opposite of blank
• Formal division of lines in a poem, considered
as a unit
Couplet—2 lines
Quatrain—4 lines
Cinquain—5 lines
Sestet—6 lines
Heptastich—7 lines
Octave—8 lines
• Anything that stands for
or represents something
• An object that serves as
a symbol has its own
meaning but it also
represents something
A figure of speech in
which like or as is used to
make a comparison
between two basically
unlike ideas.
• Figure of speech in which one thing
is spoken of as though it were
something else.
• Does not use like or as to make the
• My nephews are animals-metaphor
 Same
as a regular metaphor
but in this case a subject is
spoken of or written of as
though it were something else.
 Several comparisons are made
 Writing or speech not meant
to be interpreted literally.
 Frequently used figures of
speech are metaphors,
similes, and personification
words in their
ordinary senses. It is
the opposite of
figurative language.
•I’m so hungry I
could eat a horse.
Type of figurative language in
which a nonhuman subject is
given human characteristics.
 The screaming phone woke
me up.
Use of words that imitate sounds
 Whirr
 Sizzle
 Hiss
 Woof
 Meow
 varrrrrrooooooommmmmm
The repetition of initial consonant
 “Black reapers with the sound of steel on
stone/Are sharpening scythes…”
 “Sarah, Cynthia, Sylvia Stout wouldn’t
take the garbage out…”
• The repetition of sounds at the end
of words
• End rhyme occurs when the
rhyming words come at the end of
• Internal rhyme occurs when the
rhyming words fall within a line.
•The pattern of beats,
or stresses, in
spoken or written
• A regular pattern of rhyming
words in a poem.
• The rhyme scheme of a poem is
indicated by using different
letters of the alphabet for each
new rhyme.