Western Civilization: Final Exam Study Guide Marking Periods 3 & 4 | May 28, 2014 UNIT Unit 5: World Religions TOPIC Examples of MAIN IDEAS / KEY TERMS 1. Hinduism Reincarnation, Samsara, Moksha Karma Caste System India Abraham, Moses Torah Synagogue Middle East, Jerusalem Jesus Christ Bible Church Resurrection, Messiah Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha Meditation, Enlightenment, Nirvana Eightfold Path Four Noble Truths Muhammad Muslim Koran Mecca Mosque Kabba 5 Pillars Nanak Guru Gurdwara 5 K’s 2. Judaism 3. Christianity 4. Buddhism 5. Islam 6. Sikhism Unit 6: Trade & Economics 1. Sub-Saharan Africa (Trade & Economics 101 PPT) 2. Black Death 3. Columbian Exchange Bartering, Currency, Money Salt, Cowrie Shells Mansa Musa Ghana, Mali, Songhai Timbuktu Ibn Battuta Hazards of Trade Examples of Trade Fleas, Rats Bubonic, Pneumonic Cures/Preventions Boccaccio, di Tura Siege of Caffa Flagellants, Scapegoats Examples of Trade Christopher Columbus New World, Old World Plants, Animals, and Pathogens Origins The Great Dying Guns, Germs, and Steel Examples of Trade Unit 7: Government & Society 1. European Feudalism (Government & Politics 101 PPT) 2. Early American Empires 3. Byzantines Unit 8: War & Conflict 1. Vikings (War & Conflict 101 PPT) 2. Crusades 3. Mongols Dark Ages Middle Ages, Medieval Feudalism, Social Pyramid Manor, Fief Knights, Chivalry, Homage Serfs, Peasants Mayas Slash-and-burn Maize Hieroglyphics Calendar Ball Game Aztecs Tenochtitlan Chinampas Human Sacrifice Conquistadors Incas Cuzco Andes Mountains Terraces Census Quipu Constantine Constantinople Justinian Justinian’s Code Theodora Schism Norse Leif Eriksson Vinland Erik the Red Greenland Longships European Christians Muslim Turks Pope Urban II First Crusade Peter the Hermit and the People’s Crusade Later Crusades, Saladin Holy Land Pilgrims Genghis Khan, Temujin Kublai Khan Yuan Dynasty Mounted Archers Largest contiguous land empire * Remember: Try not to cram everything we have learned into your head the night before the test. The most successful students study about 15-20 minutes every night leading up to the exam. As a side note, there will also be a few review questions from the first half of the year on the Final Exam. Good luck and happy studying!