Georgia Regions and Habitats

Before we get
started, where in the
world is Georgia?
Do you know?
Georgia is in the Southeastern
part of the United States, on
the continent of North America.
There it is!
Georgia itself is divided
into different habitats.
Each habitat is different
from the others in their
own special ways.
The northern-most
part of Georgia is
called the
Mountain Region.
The central part of
Georgia is called
The southern-most
part of Georgia is
called the
Coastal Plain
Within the Coastal
Plains of Georgia are
patches of an habitat
known as the Swamps
and Marshes and
Georgia borders
the Atlantic Ocean
Are you ready to find
out what makes each
region special?
Do you want to know
what kinds of plants
and animals might be
found in each?
Let’s start in
Georgia’s Mountain
Have you ever
been to the
Let’s take a little
field trip, shall we?
The Georgia
The Georgia
•The elevation is higher, and it’s
shaded by trees. These things
make the temperature cooler.
•The terrain also makes it harder
to get around. Some people live in
the mountains, but it’s not highly
populated. Can you think of some
In the mountains, you
might see…..
This is Amicola
Falls in the North
In the mountains, you
might see…..
really tall trees like the Tulip
Poplar and the Hemlock.
You might also see
some cool animals
that call the Georgia
Mountains their home.
Let’s see what
we can find!
Mudpuppies and
American Toads are
two amphibians
which live in this
Both need to live by
mountain streams, but
they love to hang out
in the woods!
Box Turtles and
Snakes are two
reptiles which live
in this mountain
Can you think of a
reason why these
two would be
perfectly at home
in the woods?
Lots of animals love to
be high in the trees of
the Georgia Mountains!
Can you name these
Black Bears,
Mountain Lions,
and Coyotes are
major predators
in the mountains!
so furry! Why??
The Black Vulture is
a scavenger that
keeps this habitat
clean- they have an
important job here!
Sadly, they were
almost wiped out
due to DDT- it made
their eggs too soft
to hatch. Now they
are on the
Hop back on the bus! It’s time to
leave the Mountain Habitat!
We’re heading south
to the Piedmont
Habitat of Georgia!
Let’s go!
The Piedmont Habitat…
The Piedmont
•It’s farther south, so the
temperature is warmer than in the
•The land consists of rolling hills,
lakes, and rivers.
•Atlanta is in the Piedmont,
In the Piedmont, you
might see…..
lots of tall
buildings and
Hey… what’s that
building with the
gold dome?
In the Piedmont, you
might see…..
Dogwood, Sweet
Gum, and Hickory
Let’s see what animals
we can find here!
No hiking boots
needed this time!
We could use a canoe
though! Let’s check
out the lakes and
rivers first!
Near the Chattahoochee River and
Lake Lanier, we might find some
interesting critters! Water makes a
great habitat!
Snapping Turtles
and River Otters
thrive in the
Can you think of
some reasons why
these two would be
perfectly at home
in the water?
The Piedmont is home
to the Red-Cockaded
Woodpecker and the
Mourning Dove.
Peck, peck, peck,
peck, peck, peck,
The Piedmont is also
home to White-tailed
Deer. They prefer wooded
areas, but as we continue
to populate the area, we
force them into unsafe
Don’t do it little
Look both ways!
As we increase the human population in
this region, we continue to push animals
out of their natural habitats. Here are some
coyotes in downtown Atlanta- if caught,
they are most likely re-released outside of
the state. They are not a threat to humans,
but they do prey upon family pets now that
we share a habitat with them.
Load up! Let’s head farther south
into the Coastal Plain Region! It’s
a big region, so we have lots to
Coastal Plain
The Coastal Plain Habitat…
The Coastal Plain
•It makes up southern Georgia, so
it’s the warmest region of the
•The land is flat, and the soil is
mostly sandy. This creates a
unique environment for many
different plants and animals.
In the Coastal Plain,
you might see…..
a lack of hills and
an abundance of
water. Actually,
most of the water
is on the east
side of the state.
The western side
is pretty, but flat.
Closer to the
coast, there are
lots of tall pines
and Saw
Georgia’s state
bird, the Brown
Thrasher, might
nest in trees like
It has lots of huge
branches to choose
from, and the moss
that grows on them
would make perfect
nesting material!
If I were a bird, I’d
make my home in
one of Georgia’s
Live Oaks! (It’s
the Georgia State
Double-crested Cormorants, Snowy
Egrets, and Blue Heron love to live near
the coastal waters.
Can you guess why?
This region is also home to the
venomous Coral Snake!
Red on black, friend of Jack.
Red on yellow, kill a fellow!
The Little Grass
Frog is one of the
tiniest critters that
live in this coastal
The armadillo is one of
the most unique
animals that make this
region their home.
(They just don’t fare so
The Swamps and
On the Coastal Plains are
patches of another kind
of habitat. These are
known as the Swamps
and Marshes. The
Okefenokee Swamp one
of the largest swamps in
the U.S. and is a habitat
for many different
species of plants and
animals. Want to see
The Okefenokee
Swamp is
obviously a very
wet, mucky place
to be!
Most trees would
drown in this
habitat, but not
the Cypress- it
loves all that
That muck is also
a great habitat for
Alligators. They
call the swamps
Want to go for a little swim???
(I’ll pass!)
Since mosquitoes
need warm
temperatures and
water in which to
lay their eggs….
The swamps are a
perfect habitat for
the little bloodsuckers! Ouch!
Wire grass and sea
weed are two type of
vegetation that
abound near the
Southern Toads love the
nestle among the vegetation
and catch mosquitoes!
Where the warm, salty waters of
the Atlantic Ocean meet our state,
a very unique habitat is created.
To see some of Georgia’s coolest
animals, we’ll need one of these!
Sub=Below Marine=Water
The Right Whale is Georgia’s State Mammal!
They were named “Right” because when they were
hunted long ago, they were easy to catch, they
floated when killed, and they held lots of oil and
meat. They were just right for hunting. Sadly, they
were almost hunted to extinction.
Pilot Whales
and Bottlenose
Dolphins also
live in this
Ok, so this habitat
extends beyond our
state, but we are lucky
enough to have these
animals call Georgia
waters home.
Loggerhead Sea Turtles
and Manatees can also
be found in waters off of
Georgia’s coast!
Both are also
considered endangered. Manatees like to swim
close to the surface,
and so many get killed
or injured by boats. Sea
turtles are caught in
fishing traps and nets
quite often.