Out of Many Chapter 12 Outline Key Terms: just price, Erie canal, putting out system, Porkopolis, doffing, wage slaves, “free labor”, middling sort, Second Great Awakening, women’s spheres, Harper’s Magazine, Walden, Women in the 19th Century Key Historical Figures: DeWitt Clinton, Robert Fulton, John Jacob Alstor, John Deere, Cyrus McCormick, Samuel Slater, Eli Whitney, Charles G. Finney, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller Key Topics for Discussion: What was life like for workers at the Lowell factory? Why did they employ women? From pages 383-384 have an understanding of how the purchase of goods in rural and urban areas changed over time. How were American families structured? How did the law reinforce a patriarchal society? What was the normal social order of American society? How did the Federal government contribute to the building of roads? Understand how the Erie Canal was built and the significance of this. What impact did this have on America? What impact did steamboats have on commerce and urban development? To what extent did the transportation revolution have on America? What factors contributed to the market revolution? Where did entrepreneurs get their capital from in the north, south, and west? To what extent were northern and southern economies connected? How did this impact the distribution of wealth? From pages 392-393 have an understanding of the “putting out system” and how it impacted towns like Lynn, Massachusetts. Also understand how the concept of a national market and specialization of labor were developing in America. How were these changes received by artisans and farmers? How did the transportation revolution and government policy affect the development of the old northwest? How did the development of commercial agriculture affect the northwest economy? What was being traded? What new technologies helped spur growth in the west? How did industrialization compare to the “putting out” system? How did we model our industrialization after the British? How did government encourage industrialization? Compare the Lowell factory with family mills. (Use the map on page 397 also). What was the relationship between mill communities and farming communities like? What American inventions contributed to our industrial growth? How were American beliefs in democracy reflected in our industrial growth? How did industrialization impact artisans and the apprentice system? Compare southern slaves to “wage slaves”. How did industrialization impact skilled laborers, women, children, and wages? How was the concept of work and leisure altered by industrialization? How did the shift to a cash economy impact workers? What is the concept of “free labor”? Evaluate the effectiveness of early strikes and the factors that contributed to them. How did the market revolution alter social class order? What gave rise to the Second Great Awakening? Where and with who was it most influential? Compare it to the First Great Awakening. How did the market revolution impact families, women, and children from pages 406-408? What is sentimentalism and how did it impact America? What is transcendentalism and how did it impact America? What were the works and philosophies of Emerson, Thoreau, and Fuller? How were they received by most?