Ancient Greece Study Guide Answers

Ancient Greece Study Guide Answers
1. The geography of Greece includes mountains, sea, many small islands and a peninsula.
2. A peninsula is a piece of land surrounded by water on 3 sides.
3. The geography of Greece led to the creation of city-states because of the distance between each city.
Greece’s geography also allowed for them to grow crops such as olives and grapes to help their
4. A city state is a political unit made up of a city and its surrounding land. City-states function as a
country would (own laws, leader, and currency).
5. Each Greek city state was different because they acted like independent countries. This affected
Greece because they were not united.
6. Oligarchy, Monarchy and Democracy. Tyranny also had a part in Ancient Greece.
7. Mt. Olympus was home to the gods.
8. Mt. Olympus was elevated towards the sky, like in the other societies we have studied. Their shrines
to honor their gods were also high, such as pyramids and temples.
9. Gods play roles in the Greeks everyday lives.
10. Science, Philosophy and the arts thrived during the Golden Age.
11. Sparta told Athens to give up some of their control over free city states and Athens refused.
12. Greeks were fighting other Greeks—caused a division.
13. Sparta- Sparta had a better army.
14. Women in Ancient Greece only worked in the household.
15. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
16. He was well-respected, a good leader and some places put up little to no fight so he easily took over.
17. Greek or Hellenic Culture.
18. Pericles
19. Funeral Oration was about the Peloponnesian War.
20. Civil War
** Use your worksheets and/or notes to fill in the chart about the 3 philosophers and Alexander the
Some things that Athens and Sparta had in common were:
Both Greek
Both City-States
Both fought each other in a war
Both were democracies
Some differences:
Athens placed value on education; Sparta placed value on fighting
Democracy started in Athens
The 3 great philosophers were from Athens
Arts, literature and the alphabet began in Athens.
Young Spartan boys did not receive schooling; they were trained to be a soldier.
Sparta designed weapons