Use the textbook to label the following on your map: • • • • • • Macedonia Peloponnesus Rhodes Mediterranean Sea Thrace Attica Laconia Aegean Sea Persian Empire Crete Black Sea Use a color or pattern to indicate the Athenian Empire at about 450 B.C. Locate, mark with a symbol, and label the following cities: • • • • Salamis Thermopylae Plataea Marathon • *Label Athens and Sparta using a different symbol On the back of your map, answer the following question: • Based on the map, why were the first four cities on the previous slide important in Ancient Greece? • What geographical feature encouraged the development of independent city-states in Ancient Greece? • What type of military defense seemed called for by the geography ancient Greece? • What is the association of Marathon with modern marathon races (may need to read in text)? Critical Thinking • Compare the geographical strengths and weaknesses of Athens and Sparta as political rivals for dominance in Greece. • Why might Sparta have decided to spare Athens after Athens was defeated?