9th Grade World History Exam I Study Guide I. II. III. Ancient Civilizations a. What are the 5 characteristics that make up a civilization? b. Where were the early river valley civilizations located? c. What were some uniqure characteristics of each of these early river valley civilizations? d. Know the following terms: i. Fertile Crescent ii. City-State iii. Polytheism iv. Empire v. Institution vi. Culture Classical Greece a. Describe the geography of Greece b. What types of government formed in the city-states of Greece c. Describe 3 major cultural legacies classical Greek culture left for the world d. Know the following terms: i. Homer ii. Monarchy iii. Aristocracy iv. Oligarchy v. Democracy vi. Athens vii. Sparta viii. Olympics ix. Greek theatre x. Alexander the Great Ancient Rome and the spread of Christianity a. How did early Rome organize its government? b. How does the US form of republican government compare to ancient Rome’s? c. Why did Rome convert from a republic to an empire? d. How did Christianity become the widely followed world religion that it is today? e. Why did Rome fall? f. What legal principles does the US practice today that were originally began in Rome? g. Know the following terms: i. Republic ii. Senate iii. Julius Caesar iv. Jesus v. Constantine vi. Pax Romana vii. Mercenary viii. Western Civilization ix.