LCAP study guide Part 1 1 Be able to read a map and map parts (map key, Map scale). 2 In a monarchy government the leaders are kings and queens. 3 In a barter economy, items are traded, no money or buying and selling is involved. 4 Hammurabi’s Code is the first set of written laws. 5 In the 1500’s, the European desire for spices led to the exploration of the world. 6 The city of ancient Rome was a safe location because of the seven hills, Tiber River, and it was located several miles inland; this made Rome easy to defend. 7 All ancient civilizations, even Egypt, rose up around rivers. Rivers were the best geographic feature for people to meet their basic needs. 8 In a democracy, citizens can vote; meaning citizens have more political power in a democracy than any other government. 9 A map key explains the symbols on a map. 10 Mesopotamia rose up between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt rose up around the Nile River. 11 UNDERSTAND HOW TO READ A TIMELINE AND HOW TO PLACE EVENTS ON TIMELINES!!! 12 Homer’s Illiad and the Odyssey, identifies gods and goddesses as part of Greek culture. 13 Early nomadic communities consisted of hunter-gatherer groups that migrated and followed their food. Farmers did not migrate, they had to stay in one sport and wait for food to grow. 14 Be able to identify artifacts from many civilizations (China, Egypt, Rome, Greece, Mesopotamia, etc) 15 Greek epics and mythology included: Illiad and the Odyssey, Perseus, Oracles, Hercules, and Zeus. 16 A decade is 10 years; a century is 100 years; a millennium is 1000 years. 17 Many romance languages derived from the Latin language; they are Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian. 18 Humans finally lived in permanent settlements when they learned to grow food. 19 Many civilizations had environmental problems like floods, droughts, few building materials, and no natural barriers for protection from invaders. 20 The Vikings lived in Scandinavia, developed seafaring skills, and conquered Western Europe during the Middle Ages. 21 Archaeologists study artifacts from ancient civilizations. 22 William of Normandy (the Conqueror) is important because the conquered England and established feudalism. 23 Events of a timeline occurring BEFORE the year 1 are B.C. Events AFTER the year 1 are A.D. the year of our Lord or C.E. (Common Era). 24 The first printing press was invented by Johannes Gutenberg. 25 The inventions of the compass and the astrolabe allowed explorers to travel the open ocean without getting lost. 26 Rome had a republic government where citizens voted for representatives in the government. Rome is the most influential example for the modern U.S.A. system of government today. 27 The largest group on the European feudal societies were the serfs.