Chapter Review Clause of the First Amendment which states the government may not support a church or religion. What is the Establishment Clause? Can religious groups meet on school grounds during non-school hours? Answer “yes” or “no”. Answer: Yes. You must allow these groups as you would sports or other clubs! What “test” is used by the Supreme Court to evaluate a law concerning religion? What is the “Lemon” test? What are schools operated by a church or religious group called? What are parochial schools? Name the five freedoms in the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. What is Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition, and Speech? What clause of the First Amendment regarding religion says that government may not restrict religion? What is the Free Exercise Clause? In the first of the two flag salute cases, the Supreme Court ruled that a. Religious freedom was more important than national security. b. Jehovah’s Witnesses were a threat to national security. c. The religious freedom of the Jehovah’s Witness had to be sacrificed (given up) to the more important goal of national security. d. Jehovah’s Witnesses could be excused from saluting the flag. Answer: C The religious freedom of the Jehovah’s Witness had to be sacrificed (given up) to the more important goal of national security. This guarantees that the government cannot abuse the rights of individuals. What is the Bill of Rights? True or False. Burning the flag can be considered an example of pure speech. False. Symbolic Speech True or False. According to the Supreme Court, the government can never limit religious practices. False! Religion cannot violate the health, safety or morals of society. What are the three forms of st speech protected by the 1 Amendment? Answer: Pure Speech Speech Plus Speech Symbolic Speech Now give an example of each! Speech or writing that advocates the overthrow of the government is called this. What is seditious speech? Why did the Supreme Court rule against Charles Schenck in 1919? Congress had a right to restrict free speech when that speech presented a clear and present danger to the nation. A verbal attack on a person’s reputation. What is slander? These protect journalists from being forced to reveal their sources. What are Shield Laws? A remark in written form made to ruin someone’s good name and reputation. What is Libel? A person who refuses military service because of his opposition to war. What is a conscientious objector? Government agency responsible for broadcast licensing and regulation. What is the FCC (Federal Communications Commission) Radio, television, film, and the press are examples of this. What is the Mass Media? In Reno v. ACLU the Court ruled that this was closer to print media than to broadcast media and has protections under the First Amendment. The Internet. Case that established that the purpose of the First Amendment is to allow free speech and free assembly even to the most popular groups. What is the Skokie march controversy? Government actions that restrict or control the press or other media. What is Censorship? This case on the establishment clause still stands as the benchmark for state aid to parochial schools. a. Levitt v. Committee for Public Education b. Everson v. Board of Education c. Mueller v. Allen d. Wolman v. Walter Answer: B Everson v. Board of Education Reimbursement for bussing ; “child benefit theory” Wisconsin v. Yoder A state cannot require Amish parents to sent their children to public school beyond the eighth grade. Prayer in public schools is unconstitutional. Engel vs. Vitale Which of the following is not open to the public for purposes of assembly? a. The steps of the nations capital? b. The county jail. c. Abortion clinics d. parks Answer: b Cannot interfere with the function of that facility! What is the best defense if a newspaper is accused of slander or libel? It told the truth. Association. Can a person join or support a group the government considers subversive? Yes, but groups cannot advocate the violent overthrow of the government. It has a right to protect itself from such threats. What name is given for a member of an audience who makes the police fear imminent danger? What is a heckler?