Chapter 4 Reading (98-120)

Chapter 4 Guided Reading (PAGES 98-120)
(Identify and explain the significance of the following´üŐ
Define “Civil Liberties”:
Why are these “liberties/rights” not absolute rights?
Barron v. Baltimore (1833):
How did passage of the 14th Amendment change the way Courts
approached and ruled on state laws and actions?
Define “Incorporation Doctrine”:
Civil Liberties and the 1st Amendment
Explain the “establishment clause” (of the 1st Amendment):
Freedom of Religion
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971): (Mention the 3 part “lemon test”)
Explain the “free exercise clause” (of 1st Amendment)
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Employment Division v. Smith (1988)
Freedom of Expression
Define “prior restraint”
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
Freedom of the Press:
Obscenity Cases:
Miller v. California (1973)
Libel and Slander
New York Times v. Sullivan (1964)
Directions: Explain the significance of the following.
Define “probable cause”:
Mapp v. Ohio (1961):
USA Patriot Act (2001):
Miranda v. Arizona (1966):
Gideon v. Wainright (1963):
Gregg v. Georgia (1976):
Roe v. Wade (1973):
Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992)