Name: ________________________________________ Topic: HWCH4 Class: Social Studies 12 Period: _______________________________________ Questions/Main Ideas: Define "civil liberties." Who is the final interpreter of content and scope of civil liberties? Where are they delineated? Against whom or what was the Bill of Rights intended to protect citizens? Identify Barron v. Baltimore and its resulting principle. Identify Gitlow v. New York and its resulting principle. [On a separate sheet of paper, start a “casefile” of cases you should know. Case file should be neatly organized and contain the Case name, year, legal topic, important info including overturned cases and, most importantly, the precedent or principle set.] Carefully note how the court's interpretation of the 14thAmendment began the development of the incorporation doctrine. List the two clauses contained in the First Amendment dealing with religion. What did the establishment clause seek to prevent? How does the court determine whether the establishment clause is violated in cases of aid to churchrelated schools? Lemon Test What did the free exercise clause seek to prevent? In defending the rights contained in the free exercise clause, what distinction has the court made? Is the right to speech unlimited? What kinds of activities do and do not constitute "speech?" Notes: What is it that all freedom of expression cases have in common? Define prior restraint. What were the outcomes of Near v. Minnesota & New York Times v. United States? What impact did it have on free speech rights? What conclusion would you draw about the court's attitude toward prior restraint? How do you balance having a free press and keeping the public order? What is the clear and present danger doctrine? To what extent has the court become supportive of the right to protest, leaflet, or gather signatures? List the rights afforded to defendants in a trail Have the courts ever restricted the press in the interest of a fair trial? What 3-part test has the court devised to see of material is obscene or not. Differentiate between libel and slander. Why is there a different standards between public figures and you with regards to slander. What must a public figure prove to win a libel or slander case? What is symbolic speech? What are the protections contained in the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eight Amendments? What happens is any of the rights are abridged in pursuing a conviction? What is probable cause? Does a police officer have to have a warrant to conduct a search? What is the exclusionary rule?. What are the arguments of critics and defenders of the exclusionary rule? What is the most significant case delineating rules for police questioning of suspects? Concerning which form of punishment has debate over cruel and unusual punishment occurred? Has the Supreme Court decided if the death penalty violates this constitutional protection? Is there a right to privacy? If so where is it to be found in the Constitution? How was the right to abortion connected to the right to privacy?