Lecture 2A Chapters 5, 6, 7 (Pageant, 13th ed.) APUSH, 2012 “The people, even to the lowest ranks, have become more attentive to their liberties, more inquisitive about them, and more determined to defend them than they were ever before known or had occasion to be.” - John Adams, 1765 Scots-Irish in America Regulator movement in the Carolinas Paxton Boys in Pennsylvania “They are a mixture of English, Scotch, Irish, French, Dutch, Germans, and Swedes. From this promiscuous breed, that race now called Americans have arisen. … I could point out to you a family whose grandfather was an Englishman, whose wife was Dutch, whose son married a French woman, and whose present four sons have now four wives of different nations.” -Frenchman Michel-Guillaume Jeande Crevecoureur (1735-1813), writing of the diverse population in the American colonies in 1770. Colonial industry Trade Enumerated Goods •Lumber •Tobacco •Rice •Indigo •Furs To England from Colonies Manufactured Goods •Furniture •Clothing •Colonials had not factories. From England to Colonies The First Great Awakening Jonathan Edwards American leader of the first Great Awakening “[It is] a reasonable thing to fright persons away from hell.” - Jonathan Edwards Legacy of the Enlightenment A mixed bag … from the perspective of Great Awakening religious leaders (Pictured: John Locke, top; Isaac Newton, bottom) George Whitefield A celebrity in the American colonies Whitefield drew crowds by the thousands … Not all agreed with the new religious fervor Est. of American colleges Yale: est. 1701 – Originally the Collegiate School Princeton University: est. 1746 – Originally the College of New Jersey College of William and Mary: est. 1693 Brown University: est. 1764 – Originally the College of Rhode Island Free Press in America The Zenger case, 1735 Role of the press in the colonies A most famous printer Benjamin Franklin 18th c. Physicians [To many colonists, a physician] was "a money-grubbing pretender, a swindling quack"—or, as Ben Jonson put it, "a turdy-facy, nasty-paty, lousy-fartical rogue." … For what ails you … Entertainments Social links: Taverns Colonial legislatures Conflicts with the Crown Turn & Talk About It What is most surprising or interesting to you about life in 18th century colonial America? What do you wonder about? … Please share with an elbow partner. The French in N. America King Louis XIV New World ambitions French focus: fur The beaver in fashion Fur trade facts From 1675 to 1685, the average annual production of beaver pelts was about 89,500 pounds (weight); that number rose to 140,000 pounds from 1685 to 1687. Two years later, 160 canoes arrived in Montréal with a cargo of about 800,000 pounds of beaver pelts. However inexhaustible the source, the French market could only absorb 40,000 to 50,000 pounds of pelts per year. Source: Virtual Museum of New France, http://www.civilization.ca/cmc/explore/virtual-museum-of-newfrance/people/les-coureurs-des-bois/les-coureurs-des-bois12 George Washington … A world war launcher An unfortunate series of events … The Albany Congress The French and Indian War 1763 Treaty of Paris France --> lost her Canadian possessions, most of her empire in India, and claims to lands east of the Mississippi River. Spain --> got all French lands west of the Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost Florida to England. England --> got all French lands in Canada, exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade, and commercial dominance in India. A New North America Turn & Talk About It Contemplate the changes in the North American map as a result of the French and Indian War. If you were an American colonist, what would you expect to be different about life in America after 1763? … Please share with an elbow partner.