Lecture 2A

Lecture 2A
Chapters 5, 6, 7 (Pageant, 13th ed.)
APUSH, 2012
“The people, even to the lowest ranks,
have become more attentive to their
liberties, more inquisitive about them,
and more determined to defend them
than they were ever before known or
had occasion to be.”
- John Adams, 1765
Scots-Irish in America
Regulator movement in
the Carolinas
Paxton Boys in Pennsylvania
“They are a mixture of English, Scotch,
Irish, French, Dutch, Germans, and Swedes.
From this promiscuous breed, that race now
called Americans have arisen. … I could
point out to you a family whose grandfather
was an Englishman, whose wife was Dutch,
whose son married a French woman, and
whose present four sons have now four
wives of different nations.”
-Frenchman Michel-Guillaume Jeande Crevecoureur (1735-1813), writing of the diverse
population in the American colonies in 1770.
Colonial industry
Enumerated Goods
To England
from Colonies
Manufactured Goods
•Colonials had
not factories.
England to
The First Great Awakening
Jonathan Edwards
American leader of the first Great Awakening
“[It is] a reasonable thing to fright
persons away from hell.”
- Jonathan Edwards
Legacy of the
A mixed bag … from the
perspective of Great Awakening
religious leaders
(Pictured: John Locke, top; Isaac Newton,
George Whitefield
A celebrity in the American colonies
Whitefield drew crowds by the thousands
… Not all agreed
with the new
religious fervor
Est. of American colleges
Yale: est. 1701 – Originally the Collegiate School
Princeton University: est. 1746 – Originally
the College of New Jersey
College of William and Mary: est. 1693
Brown University: est. 1764 – Originally the College of Rhode
Free Press in
The Zenger case, 1735
Role of the press in the colonies
A most
famous printer
Benjamin Franklin
18th c. Physicians
[To many colonists, a physician] was "a money-grubbing
pretender, a swindling quack"—or, as Ben Jonson put it,
"a turdy-facy, nasty-paty, lousy-fartical rogue."
… For what ails you …
Social links: Taverns
Colonial legislatures
Conflicts with the Crown
Turn & Talk About It
What is most surprising or interesting to you about life in
18th century colonial America?
What do you wonder about?
… Please share with an elbow partner.
The French in N. America
King Louis
New World ambitions
French focus: fur
The beaver in
Fur trade facts
From 1675 to 1685, the average annual production of
beaver pelts was about 89,500 pounds (weight); that
number rose to 140,000 pounds from 1685 to 1687.
Two years later, 160 canoes arrived in Montréal with a
cargo of about 800,000 pounds of beaver pelts.
However inexhaustible the source, the French market
could only absorb 40,000 to 50,000 pounds of pelts per
Source: Virtual Museum of New France,
… A world war launcher
An unfortunate series of events …
The Albany Congress
The French and Indian War
1763  Treaty of Paris
France --> lost her Canadian possessions, most of her
empire in India, and claims
to lands east of the Mississippi River.
Spain --> got all French lands west of the Mississippi
River, New Orleans, but lost Florida to England.
England --> got all French lands in Canada, exclusive
rights to Caribbean slave trade, and commercial
in India.
A New North America
Turn & Talk About It
Contemplate the changes in
the North American map as a
result of the French and
Indian War.
If you were an American
colonist, what would you
expect to be different about
life in America after 1763?
… Please share with an elbow