Eating Disorders

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1. What do you think the average models weight and height is?

2. What do you think the average women’s weight and height is?

The average model is 5 foot 10 inches tall and weighs 102 pounds.

The average woman is 5 foot 4 inches tall and weighs 145 pounds.

Eating Disorders

Unit 4 Nutrition

Video

Dove

Evolution

What is an eating disorder?

A serious disturbance in eating behavior, such as extreme and unhealthy reduction of food or severe overeating.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Psychological disorder in which a person becomes obsessed with defects in their appearance.

Anorexia Nervosa

People who are obsessed with controlling their eating; they achieve their weight through starvation.

Symptoms of Anorexia:

Losing a lot of weight.

Hair becomes brittle and falls out.

An obsessive desire to be thinner.

Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa

• Reduction of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in dry, brittle bones.

• Muscle loss and weakness.

• Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure.

Bulimia

Bulimia nervosa is characterized by cycles of bingeing and purging.

Symptoms of Bulimia

Repeated episodes of bingeing and purging.

Feeling out of control while eating.

Vomiting, using laxatives, diet pills or diuretics, exercising excessively, frequent dieting and skipping meals to rid the body of food.

Consequences of Bulimia

Inflammation and possible rupture of the esophagus from frequent vomiting.

Tooth decay and staining from stomach acids released during frequent vomiting.

Chronic irregular bowel movements and constipation as a result of laxative abuse.

Binge Eating Disorder (BED)

Individuals with

Binge Eating

Disorder, eat excessive amounts of food at one time.

Symptoms of BED

Eating large amounts of food frequently and in one sitting and feeling out of control.

Eating quickly and in secret.

Feeling guilty and ashamed of their binges.

Consequences of BED

High blood pressure.

High cholesterol levels.

Heart disease.

Type II diabetes.

Treatment

Treatment usually includes working with a team of specialists:

Therapist

Nutritionist

Doctor or nurse practitioner.

Prevention

Keep in mind your personal positive qualities and talents.

Build up your selfimage, body-image, and self-esteem.

Understand there are no good or bad foods.

What you can do as a friend:

Be supportive

Talk to them in a positive manner.

Don’t talk down about yourself.

Be a Friend… Be Aware!

Steroid Use

Unit 4 Nutrition

STERoiDS

Anabolic steroids are artificial forms of the hormone testosterone, a hormone that is involved in muscle development.

Why people choose to use Steroids:

Doctors will actually prescribe steroids for people with muscular disorders.

Other people use them illegally to improve their athletic performance or change their appearance.

Signs of steroid use:

Physical Changes

Rapid or progressive weight gain

Increased muscle size (sudden or progressive)

Jaundice or yellowing of the skin; this signals liver damage

Small red or purplish acne, including breakouts on the shoulders and back

Personality/Social Changes:

Extreme mood swings

Increased aggression or irritability

Paranoia - extreme feelings of mistrust or fear

Begins receiving more packages in the mail

Steroid use gone wrong:

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