Eating Disorders


1. What do you think the average models weight and height is?

2. What do you think the average women’s weight and height is?

The average model is 5 foot 10 inches tall and weighs 102 pounds.

The average woman is 5 foot 4 inches tall and weighs 145 pounds.

Eating Disorders

Unit 4 Nutrition




What is an eating disorder?

A serious disturbance in eating behavior, such as extreme and unhealthy reduction of food or severe overeating.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Psychological disorder in which a person becomes obsessed with defects in their appearance.

Anorexia Nervosa

• People who are obsessed with controlling their eating; they achieve their weight through starvation.

Symptoms of Anorexia:

• Losing a lot of weight.

• Hair becomes brittle and falls out.

• An obsessive desire to be thinner.

Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa

• Reduction of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in dry, brittle bones.

• Muscle loss and weakness.

• Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure.


Bulimia nervosa is characterized by cycles of bingeing and purging.

Symptoms of Bulimia

• Repeated episodes of bingeing and purging.

• Feeling out of control while eating.

• Vomiting, using laxatives, diet pills or diuretics, exercising excessively, frequent dieting and skipping meals to rid the body of food.

Consequences of Bulimia

• Inflammation and possible rupture of the esophagus from frequent vomiting.

• Tooth decay and staining from stomach acids released during frequent vomiting.

• Chronic irregular bowel movements and constipation as a result of laxative abuse.

Binge Eating Disorder (BED)

Individuals with

Binge Eating

Disorder, eat excessive amounts of food at one time.

Symptoms of BED

• Eating large amounts of food frequently and in one sitting and feeling out of control.

• Eating quickly and in secret.

• Feeling guilty and ashamed of their binges.

Consequences of BED

• High blood pressure.

• High cholesterol levels.

• Heart disease.

• Type II diabetes.


Treatment usually includes working with a team of specialists:

• Therapist

• Nutritionist

• Doctor or nurse practitioner.


• Keep in mind your personal positive qualities and talents.

• Build up your selfimage, body-image, and self-esteem.

• Understand there are no good or bad foods.

What you can do as a friend:

• Be supportive

• Talk to them in a positive manner.

• Don’t talk down about yourself.

Be a Friend… Be Aware!

Steroid Use

Unit 4 Nutrition


Anabolic steroids are artificial forms of the hormone testosterone, a hormone that is involved in muscle development.

Why people choose to use Steroids:

• Doctors will actually prescribe steroids for people with muscular disorders.

• Other people use them illegally to improve their athletic performance or change their appearance.

Signs of steroid use:

Physical Changes Personality/Social Changes:

• Rapid or progressive weight gain

• Increased muscle size (sudden or progressive)

• Jaundice or yellowing of the skin; this signals liver damage

• Small red or purplish acne, including breakouts on the shoulders and back

• Extreme mood swings

• Increased aggression or irritability

• Paranoia - extreme feelings of mistrust or fear

• Begins receiving more packages in the mail

Steroid use gone wrong: