Eating Disorders Video Eating Disorder- An extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death. How can an eating disorder develop? Sometimes a person’s concerns about weight and efforts to lose weight can get out of control. Becoming obsessed with thinness can lead to eating disorders. Eating disorders may be brought on by: mental/emotional factors (poor body image) social/family pressures perfectionism Who may be at risk?? Teens with a family history of: Weight problems Depression Substance Abuse Question: Are most people with eating disorders male or female?? About 90% of those with eating disorders are female. Anorexia Nervosa - An eating disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self-imposed starvation. Anorexia: Anorexia Nervosa relates to an individual’s self concept. Outside pressures, high expectations, and the need to be accepted are associated with the development of Anorexia Nervosa. Symptoms of Anorexia: Extremely low caloric intake Obsession with exercising Emotional Problems Unnatural interest in food A distorted body image A denial of an eating problem Health consequences of Anorexia: ~ The physical consequences are directly related to malnutrition and starvation ~ Menstruation stops Loss of bone density Low body temperature Low blood pressure Slowed metabolism Reduction of organ size Heart problems may develop and lead to sudden death. Bulimia Nervosa- A disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating. A person with Bulimia often fasts or follows a strict diet and then binges (consumes large amounts of food). After eating the person will vomit or take laxatives to purge the food from the body. What can cause Bulimia?? Societal Pressures Self-Esteem Issues Family Problems Health Consequences of Bulimia: Frequent vomiting and diarrhea can lead to: Dehydration Kidney Damage Irregular heartbeat Cont.... Direct consequences from frequent vomiting: Destroys tooth enamel Tooth decay Tissue damage in stomach, mouth, and esophagus. Direct consequences from frequent use of laxatives: Disrupts digestion & absorption, which may cause nutrition deficiencies.